Honey and bee product processing
Requirements for New Zealand beekeepers and other primary and secondary honey and bee product processing businesses, under the Food Act 2014 and Animal Products Act (APA) 1999.
All businesses dealing with honey and bee products must meet legal requirements. The requirements that apply to your business depend on what you're doing. Read the pages relevant to your business to find out the specific requirements. See the road map for a brief summary:
- Road map for honey and bee legislation [PDF, 1022 KB]
If you process, store, sell, or export honey or other bee products, you must comply with food safety requirements under one or both of the following acts:
- Food Act 2014
- Animal Products Act 1999
Beekeepers who don't sell or export their products
If you are a hobbyist beekeeper who produces honey and other bee products for your own consumption, you don't need to operate under the Animal Products Act 1999 or the Food Act 2014. But to ensure that your honey is safe to eat, MPI recommends that you use one of the 5 options described in parts 2.3 – 2.7 of the standard for managing tutin contamination in honey.
- See the food standard for tutin in honey [PDF, 115 KB]
Note that donating or bartering your honey is a form of trade. If you do either, you must comply with the relevant requirements.
All honey producers and packers must manage tutin contamination
If you are a beekeeper or if you pack honey for sale or export, you must ensure that your honey does not exceed maximum levels for tutin contamination. You must also meet the requirements of the standard for managing tutin contamination in honey.
Bee product businesses that operate under the Food Act
You must meet requirements under the Food Act 2014 if you extract or pack bee products that are intended for
- sale only in New Zealand, or
- export to countries that do not require official assurances (export certificates).
You need to have an applicable risk-based measure in place to comply with the Food Act. Although it's not a requirement, you have the option of operating under a Risk Management Programme (RMP). Doing so means you don't need to meet the requirements for a Food Act risk-based measure.
Bee product businesses that operate under the Animal Products Act
If your bee products are intended for export to countries that require official assurances (export certificates), you must meet requirements under the Animal Products Act 1999. This applies to people who
- extract honey
- store honey or honeycomb
- pack honey or honeycomb
- process or pack royal jelly, pollen, or propolis.
To comply, you must
- have a registered Risk Management Programme (RMP), which is usually based on a template using a Code of Practice (COP)
- participate in the residues monitoring programme, which tests for contaminants in bee products (this is governed by a Regulated Control Scheme)
- meet general requirements for export and any overseas market access requirements (OMARs)
- pay relevant fees and charges.