The primary industries are the backbone of New Zealand's economy and our way of life. They bring in billions of dollars every year and make up 1 in every 7 jobs. Find out how the sector will have to adapt to changing needs to continue to thrive.
Building on our good reputation
New Zealand has a strong reputation for exporting high-quality and sustainable foods and fibres. But we must work hard to adapt if we're to maintain that reputation in a fast-changing world.
Some of the factors redefining how primary industries must work include:
- higher consumer expectations
- a greater focus on sustainability
- new technologies
- an increasingly complex global supply chain.
New Zealand will have to be innovative at every production step if we're going to hold and grow our competitive advantage in the global market.
The primary industries and MPI share a common goal to increase export returns by 2025. To help reach that goal we'll need more skilled people in the primary industries.
To see how the primary industry workforce is changing, MPI analysed human capabilities in the primary industries between 2002 and 2016.
- Part 1 2002 to 2016 – an overview [PDF, 2.3 MB]
- Part 2 2002 to 2016 – qualification analysis by region [PDF, 1.8 MB]
In 2019, we published some fact sheets, highlighting statistics about the workforce, including qualification, gender, diversity and retention rates.
- Primary industries workforce – fact sheets [PDF, 637 KB]
Report on the skills we need
In 2018, Te Uru Rākau, the Forest Owners Association, and the Forest Industry Contractors Association surveyed the commercial silviculture and harvesting sector to better understand its labour requirements for 2019, and to gain the industry views of the main reasons for the labour shortages.
- 2019 Forestry labour requirements survey [PDF, 1.4 MB]
- Silviculture labour requirements survey summary [PDF, 364 KB]
An MPI report completed in 2014 also identified the types of skills needed for the primary industries.
Future capability needs for primary industries [PDF, 3.9 MB]
People powered – summary of key findings [PDF, 1.6 MB]
Jobs becoming more specialist
The future of work in the primary industries will be more specialist than it has been in the past, driven by:
- sophisticated technologies
- a growing market in Asia
- critical issues around food safety, biosecurity, sustainability and animal welfare.
Some of the necessary skills for workers in the primary industries will be non-traditional, such as language and cultural understanding.
Food and fibre skills action plan
To ensure the food and fibre sector has the workforce it needs, the Primary Industries Skills Leaders Working Group has developed the Food and fibre skills action plan 2019-2022.
The action plan is a critical step towards addressing the challenges the food and fibre employers have attracting, training, and retaining a diverse range of people with the right skills.
An industry-led establishment group has been set up to start delivering the actions.
Food and fibre skills action plan 2019-2022 [PDF, 3.1 MB]
Summary of action plan 2019-2022 [PDF, 414 KB]
The Primary Industries Skills Leaders Working Group was established to develop a plan of action to attract, train and retain the skilled workforce the primary sector needs.
The working group involved individuals from a range of industry bodies and organisations who used their knowledge and expertise to develop the action plan. The members included:
- Ben Allomes, Hopelands Dairies and Primary Industry Good Employer Award winner
- Chelsea Millar, Digital communications specialist
- Lynne Miller, Dairy Companies Association of New Zealand
- Chris Lewis, Federated Farmers, Dairy chairman and employment spokesperson
- Erin Simpson, Horticulture Capability Group
- Geoff Taylor, DairyNZ, Associate strategy and investment leader
- Jeremy Baker, Beef + Lamb New Zealand, chief insight officer
- Linda Sissons, Primary ITO, chief executive
- Mark Paine, Primary Sector Council
- Michelle Glogau, Growing NZ, chief executive
- Miles Anderson, Federated Farmers, National meat and wool section chair
- Paul Goldstone, Meat Industry Association, policy manager
- Penny Nelson, Ministry for Primary Industries, deputy director-general of policy and trade (chair)
- Fiona Duncan, Ministry for Primary Industries, director of food, science, and policy
The working group has been replaced by an establishment group, made up of industry and government representatives. The group willl work on delivering the plan’s actions.
Robust governance, management and funding arrangements are required to successfully implement the action plan and ensure that food and fibre skills needs are met.
To achieve this, the action plan proposes to establish a Food and Fibre Skills Partnership Group to oversee the implantation, monitoring and evaluation of the action plan.
In the interim, an industry-led establishment group has been set up to engage with the wider food and fibre sector, government, and Māori stakeholders to progress the plan.
- Beef+Lamb NZ
- Federated Farmers
- Forestry Industry Contractors Association (FICA)
- Ministry of Business and Innovation and Employment (MBIE)
- Ministry of Education (MoE)
- Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI)
- New Zealand Institute of Primary Industry Management (NZIPIM)
- New Zealand Shearing Contractors Association (NZSCA)
- NZ Apples & Pears
- NZ Wine
- NZ Young Farmers
- Primary Industry Capability Alliance (PICA)
- Primary ITO
- Primary Sector Council
- Seafood NZ
- Tertiary Education Commission (TEC)
MPI publishes or funds teacher resources and classroom activities each year. These focus on the primary industries, biosecurity, and food safety. We put together sets of learning activities that teachers can use for subjects like mathematics, science, social studies, and technology.