Forest Products Export Standards - Phytosanitary Requirements of Brazil

Disclaimer

The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry for Primary Industries, its statutory officers, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval or publication of the information:

  1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
  2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.

Last Updated: 08 January 2013/strong>

Commodities

Logs

Import Permits or Declarations  
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Free of bark.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Fumigation or heat treatment is required. Treatment must be completed within 21 days prior to shipment.
Fumigation Fumigation with Methyl bromide in a gaseous form that reaches all logs at the following rates: At temperature of 21°C or more:
48g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 36 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 24g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 17g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 14g/m3
At temperature of 16°C or more:
56g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 42 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 28g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 20g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 17g/m3
At temperature of 11°C or more:
64g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 48 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 32g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 22g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 19g/m3
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Gradual warming so that the centre of the logs reach a minimum temperature of 56° for a minimum duration of 30 minutes.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General  

Wood/ Timber - Sawn

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required for kiln dried or preservative treated timber or for mouldings, including profiled flooring. A declaration is required from the treatment supplier for kiln dried timber. Requirements for the declaration can be found in Annex II of Instrucao Normativa No. 5  (180 KB).
An approximate translation of these requirements follows:
The declaration must be issued by the company that performed the treatment and must include:
  • The name, address and telephone number of the company that performed the treatment;
  • The name and signature of the authorised company technician who performed the treatment, with appropriate registration number and grade advice;
  • The name, address and telephone number of the exporting company;
  • The name and signature of the owner of the exporting company;
  • Reports issued by the treatment equipment used;
  • Date and place of issue of this declaration;
  • Identification number of the treated lot;
The declaration must contain the following text:
“The (product) commenced the process of kiln drying on (date of commencement) and remained for (duration of treatment) in a closed chamber with controlled atmosphere, and reached (% final moisture content) moisture content.”
The above declaration is not required for timber that is fumigated or heat treated and issued with a phytosanitary certificate. It is not an additional declaration and cannot be made on a phytosanitary certificate.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for fumigated or heat treated timber.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required for kiln dried or preservative treated timber or for mouldings, including profiled flooring.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Fumigated or heat treated timber must be free of bark.
Kiln dried timber may retain its bark.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Timber must be fumigated, heat treated or kiln dried. Treatments must be completed within 21 days prior to shipment, with the exception of kiln drying.
Fumigation Fumigation with Methyl bromide in a gaseous form that reaches all timber at the following rates: At temperature of 21°C or more:
48g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 36 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 24g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 17g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 14g/m3
At temperature of 16°C or more:
56g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 42 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 28g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 20g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 17g/m3
At temperature of 11°C or more:
64g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 48 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 32g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 22g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 19g/m3
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat Treatment:
Gradual warming so that the centre of the timber reaches a minimum temperature of 56° for a minimum duration of 30 minutes. Kiln Drying:
Drying in a closed chamber using controlled temperature and humidity to reach moisture content below 20%.
Preservative treatments Impregnated by vacuum/ pressure, immersion or spread with creosote or other active ingredients approved in Brazil.
Concessional Release  
General  

Wood/ Timber - Chips

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required for kiln dried wood chips. A declaration is required from the treatment supplier for kiln dried timber. Requirements for the declaration can be found in Annex II of Instrucao Normativa No. 5  (180 KB). 
An approximate translation of these requirements follows:
The declaration must be issued by the company that performed the treatment and must include:
  • The name, address and telephone number of the company that performed the treatment;
  • The name and signature of the authorised company technician who performed the treatment, with appropriate registration number and grade advice;
  • The name, address and telephone number of the exporting company;
  • The name and signature of the owner of the exporting company;
  • Reports issued by the treatment equipment used;
  • Date and place of issue of this declaration;
  • Identification number of the treated lot;
The declaration must contain the following text:
“The (product) commenced the process of kiln drying on (date of commencement) and remained for (duration of treatment) in a closed chamber with controlled atmosphere, and reached (% final moisture content) moisture content.”
The above declaration is not required for wood chips that are fumigated or heat treated and issued with a phytosanitary certificate. It is not an additional declaration and cannot be made on a phytosanitary certificate.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for fumigated or heat treated wood chips.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required for kiln dried wood chips.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Fumigated or heat treated wood chips must be free of bark.
Kiln dried wood chips may not be bark free.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Wood chips must be fumigated, heat treated or kiln dried. Treatments must be completed within 21 days prior to shipment, with the exception of kiln drying.
Fumigation Fumigation with Methyl bromide in a gaseous form that reaches all wood chips at the following rates: At temperature of 21°C or more:
48g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 36 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 24g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 17g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 14g/m3
At temperature of 16°C or more:
56g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 42 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 28g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 20g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 17g/m3
At temperature of 11°C or more:
64g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 48 g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 32g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 22g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 19g/m3
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat Treatment:
Gradual warming so that the centres of the wood chips reach a minimum temperature of 56° for a minimum duration of 30 minutes. Kiln Drying:
Drying in a closed chamber using controlled temperature and humidity to reach moisture content below 20%.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General  

Wood Products – Reconstituted/ Plywood/ LVL/ Veneer

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate NOT required
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection NOT required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation  
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General For veneer sheets with thickness of 5mm or more see requirements for Wood/ Timber – Sawn.

Wood Products - Manufactured

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate NOT required
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection NOT required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation  
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General  

Wood Products - Packaging

Import Permits or Declarations  
Certification Requirements Wood packaging material and dunnage should be marked in accordance with ISPM 15.
Phytosanitary certificate or treatment certificate accepted in lieu of ISPM 15.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Wood packaging material and dunnage must be made of debarked wood in accordance with ISPM 15.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
The fumigation date as recorded on the phytosanitary certificate or treatment certificate must be completed within 15 days prior to shipment.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Wood packaging and dunnage that is accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate or treatment certificate is subject to a lower inspection rate in Brazil than wood packaging that is ISPM 15 marked only.
General  

Bark

Import Permits or Declarations  
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Bark must be fumigated.
Fumigation Fumigation with Methyl bromide in a gaseous form that reaches all bark at the following rates: At temperature of 21°C or more:
48g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 36g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 24g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 17g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 14g/m3
At temperature of 16°C or more:
56g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 42g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 28g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 20g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 17g/m3
At temperature of 11°C or more:
64g/m3 for at least 16 hours with minimum concentrations:
  • 0.5 hours: 48g/m3,
  • 2 hours: 32g/m3,
  • 4 hours: 22g/m3,
  • 16 hours: 19g/m3
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General  

Quarantine Pests

 List of quarantine pests absent from Brazil.

ACARINA

  • Acarus siro
  • Aceria oleae
  • Aculus schlechtendali
  • Aleuroglyphus beklemishevi
  • Amphitetranychus viennensis
  • Brevipalpus chilensis
  • Calacarus citrifolii
  • Cheiracus sulcatus
  • Eotetranychus carpini
  • Eutetranychus orientalis
  • Halotydeus destructor
  • Penthaleus major
  • Raoiella indica
  • Rhizoglyphus echinopus
  • Steneotarsonemus panshini
  • Steneotarsonemus spinki
  • Tarsonemus cuttacki
  • Tetranychus mcdanieli
  • Tetranychus pacificus
  • Tetranychus truncatus
  • Tetranychus turkestani

COLEOPTERA

  • Acalymma vittatum
  • Aegorhinus phaleratus
  • Agriotes mancus
  • Alaus oculatus
  • Ampedus collaris
  • Anoplophora spp.
  • Anthonomus spp. (except A. grandis)
  • Brachycerus spp.
  • Bruchidius spp.
  • Bruchus pisorum
  • Callidiellum rufipenne
  • Conoderus vespertinus
  • Caryedon serratus
  • Chaetocnema basalis
  • Conotrachelus nenuphar
  • Cryptorhynchus lapathi
  • Dendroctonus spp.
  • Diabrotica balteata
  • Diabrotica barberi
  • Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi
  • Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
  • Diocalandra taitense
  • Epicaerus cognatus
  • Heterobostrychus aequalis
  • Holotrichia serrata
  • Hylobius abietis
  • Hylobius pales
  • Hylotrupes bajulus
  • Ips spp.
  • Latheticus oryzae
  • Leptinotarsa decemlineata
  • Limonius californicus
  • Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus
  • Lophocateres pusillus
  • Melanotus communis
  • Monochamus spp.
  • Monolepta australis
  • Odoiporus longicollis
  • Ootheca bennigseni
  • Ootheca mutabilis
  • Oryctes rhinoceros
  • Otiorhynchus cribricollis
  • Otiorhynchus ovatus
  • Otiorhynchus sulcatus
  • Palorus ratzeburgi
  • Plocaederus ferrugineus
  • Popillia japonica
  • Premnotrypes spp.
  • Prostephanus truncatus
  • Rhabdoscelus obscurus
  • Rhizotrogus majalis
  • Rhyparida caeruleipennis
  • Rhyparida clypeata
  • Rhyparida discopunctulata
  • Saperda spp.
  • Sinoxylon spp. (except S. conigerum)
  • Sphenophorus venatus
  • Stegobium paniceum
  • Sternochetus mangiferae
  • Tetropium fuscum
  • Thorictodes heydeni
  • Tomicus piniperda
  • Trogoderma spp.

DIPTERA

  • Acanthiophilus helianthi
  • Anastrepha ludens
  • Anastrepha suspensa
  • Atherigona soccata
  • Bactrocera spp. (except B. carambolae)
  • Ceratitis spp. (except C. capitata)
  • Chromatomyia horticola
  • Contarinia tritici
  • Dacus spp.
  • Delia spp. (except D. platura)
  • Liriomyza bryoniae
  • Mayetiola destructor
  • Ophiomyia phaseoli
  • Orseolia oryzae
  • Orseolia oryzivora
  • Prodiplosis longifila
  • Rabdophaga saliciperda (=Helicomyia saliciperda)
  • Rhagoletis spp.
  • Sitodiplosis mosellana
  • Toxotrypana curvicauda

HEMIPTERA

  • Aleurocanthus spp. (except A. woglumi)
  • Ceroplastes destructor
  • Ceroplastes japonicus
  • Ceroplastes rubens
  • Cicadulina mbila
  • Diuraphis noxia
  • Eurygaster integriceps
  • Fiorinia nephelii
  • Helopeltis antonii
  • Homalodisca coagulata
  • Icerya seychellarum
  • Leptocoris rufomarginata
  • Leptocoris tagalica
  • Maconellicoccus hirsutus
  • Metcalfa pruinosa
  • Myndus crudus
  • Perkinsiella saccharicida
  • Planococcus lilacinus
  • Planococcoides njalensis
  • Prosapia bicincta
  • Rastrococcus invadens
  • Scaphoideus titanus

HYMENOPTERA

  • Cephus cinctus
  • Cephus pygmaeus
  • Megastigmus spp.
  • Nematus desantisi
  • Neodiprion spp.
  • Systole albipennis

LEPIDOPTERA

  • Agrius convolvuli
  • Agrotis lineatus
  • Agrotis segetum
  • Amyelois transitella
  • Anarsia lineatella
  • Archips spp.
  • Argyrogramma signata
  • Carposina niponensis (=Carposina sasakii)
  • Cephonodes hylas
  • Chilecomadia valdiviana
  • Chilo partellus
  • Chilo supressalis
  • Choristoneura spp.
  • Conogethes punctiferalis
  • Conopomorpha cramerella
  • Copitarsia naenoides
  • Cossus cossus
  • Cryptophlebia leucotreta
  • Cryptophlebia ombrodelta
  • Cydia spp. (except C. molesta; C. araucariae)
  • Deilephila elpenor
  • Diaphania indica
  • Earias biplaga
  • Ectomyelois ceratoniae
  • Eldana saccharina
  • Erionota thrax
  • Eudocima fullonia (=Othreis fullona)
  • Gortyna xanthenes
  • Helicoverpa armigera
  • Hippotion celerio
  • Hyphantria cunea
  • Ichneumenoptera chrysophanes
  • Lampides boeticus
  • Leucinodes orbonalis
  • Leucoptera meyricki
  • Lobesia botrana
  • Lymantria dispar
  • Lymantria monacha
  • Malacosoma spp.
  • Mocis repanda
  • Mythimna separata
  • Mythimna loreyi
  • Nacoleia octasema
  • Ostrinia furnacalis
  • Ostrinia nubilalis
  • Paranthrene tabaniformis
  • Parasa lepida
  • Pectinophora scutigera
  • Platynota stultana
  • Prays citri
  • Rhyacionia spp.
  • Scirpophaga incertulas
  • Sesamia inferens
  • Spodoptera albula
  • Spodoptera littoralis
  • Thaumetopoea pityocampa
  • Vitaceae polistiformis
  • Zeuzera pyrina

THYSANOPTERA

  • Drepanothrips reuteri
  • Frankliniella bispinosa
  • Frankliniella cestrum
  • Frankliniella intonsa
  • Limothrips cerealium
  • Limothrips denticornis
  • Scirtothrips aurantii
  • Scirtothrips dorsalis
  • Scirtothrips mangiferae

FUNGI

  • Atelocauda digitata
  • Alternaria gaisen
  • Alternaria mali
  • Alternaria triticina
  • Alternaria vitis
  • Apiosporina morbosa
  • Armillaria luteobubalina
  • Armillaria ostoyae
  • Armillaria tabescens
  • Arthuriomyces peckianus
  • Balansia clavula
  • Balansia oryzae-sativae (=Ephelis oryzae)
  • Bipolaris australiensis
  • Botrytis fabae
  • Bremiella sphaerosperma
  • Ceratobasidium cereale (=Rhizoctonia cerealis)
  • Chondrostereum purpureum
  • Cladosporium cladosporioides f.sp. pisicola (=Cladosporium pisicola)
  • Cladosporium gossypiicola
  • Colletotrichum kahawae
  • Cronartium spp.
  • Curvularia uncinata
  • Curvularia verruculosa
  • Davidiella populorum (=Mycosphaerella populorum )
  • Diaporthe tanakae
  • Dichotomophthoropsis safeeulaensis
  • Discosia maculicola
  • Drepanopeziza populi-albae (=Marssonina castagnei)
  • Drepanopeziza populorum (=Marssonina populi)
  • Drepanopeziza punctiformis (=Marssonina brunnea)
  • Endocronartium harknessii
  • Fusarium camptoceras
  • Fusarium circinatum
  • Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici
  • Fusarium paspali
  • Ganoderma orbiforme (=Ganoderma boninense)
  • Gibberella xylarioides
  • Gloeotinia granigena
  • Glomerella manihotis
  • Grovesinia pyramidalis
  • Gymnosporangium spp.
  • Haplobasidion musae
  • Helicobasidium longisporum (=Helicobasidium mompa)
  • Helicoceras spp.
  • Hemileia coffeicola
  • Hendersonia oryzae
  • Heterobasidion annosum
  • Hymenoscyphus scutula
  • Hymenula cerealis (=Cephalosporium gramineum )
  • Kabatiella lini (=Polyspora lini )
  • Leptosphaeria libanotis
  • Leptosphaeria libanotis
  • Metasphaeria aulica
  • Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi
  • Moniliophthora roreri
  • Mycosphaerella dearnessii
  • Mycosphaerella gibsonii
  • Mycosphaerella zeae-maydis
  • Nectria cinnabarina
  • Neottiosporina paspali (=Stagonospora paspali)
  • Neotyphodium coenophialum
  • Oncobasidium theobromae
  • Oospora oryzetorum
  • Periconia circinata
  • Peronosclerospora sacchari
  • Peronospora farinosa
  • Peronospora impatientis
  • Peronospora viciae
  • Phaeosphaerella paspali
  • Phoma andigena
  • Phoma exigua var. foveata
  • Phoma tracheiphila
  • Phoma exigua var. foveata
  • Phoma tracheiphila
  • Phomopsis impatientis
  • Phyllosticta brassicae
  • Phyllosticta solitaria
  • Phymatotrichopsis omnivora
  • Physopella ampelopsidis
  • Phytophthora erythroseptica
  • Phytophthora ramorum
  • Plasmopara halstedii (except race 2)
  • Plasmopara obducens
  • Podosphaera balsaminae
  • Podosphaera fusca (=Sphaerotheca fusca)
  • Polyscytalum pustulans
  • Pseudopezicula tracheiphila (=Pseudopeziza tracheiphila)
  • Puccinia erianthi
  • Puccinia impatientis (=Puccinia argentata)
  • Puccinia komarovii
  • Puccinia kuehnii
  • Puccinia rubigo-vera var. impatientis
  • Pyrenochaeta glycines (=Dactuliochaeta glycines)
  • Pythium paroecandrum
  • Ramularia collo-cigni
  • Septoria noli-tangere
  • Sphacelotheca sacchari
  • Synchytrium endobioticum
  • Synchytrium impatientis
  • Taphrina populina
  • Teichospora fulgurata
  • Thecaphora solani (=Angiosorus solani)
  • Tilletia indica
  • Tilletia laevis
  • Trematosphaeria pertusa
  • Urocystis agropyri
  • Valsa nivea
  • Venturia populina
  • Verticillium nigrescens

NEMATODA

  • Anguina agrostis
  • Anguina pacificae
  • Anguina tritici
  • Belonolaimus longicaudatus
  • Bursaphelenchus mucronatus
  • Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
  • Criconema mutabile
  • Ditylenchus africanus
  • Ditylenchus africanus
  • Ditylenchus destructor
  • Ditylenchus dipsaci (all races except garlic)
  • Globodera pallida
  • Globodera rostochiensis
  • Heterodera avenae
  • Heterodera cajani
  • Heterodera ciceri
  • Heterodera goettingiana
  • Heterodera mediterranea
  • Heterodera oryzae
  • Heterodera oryzicola
  • Heterodera punctata
  • Heterodera sacchari
  • Heterodera schachtii
  • Heterodera trifolii
  • Heterodera zeae
  • Meloidogyne chitwoodi
  • Meloidogyne fallax
  • Nacobbus aberrans
  • Nacobbus aberrans
  • Nacobbus dorsalis
  • Pratylenchus crenatus
  • Pratylenchus fallax
  • Pratylenchus goodeyi
  • Pratylenchus scribneri
  • Pratylenchus thornei
  • Punctodera chalcoensis
  • Radopholus citrophilus
  • Rotylenchulus parvus
  • Subanguina radicicola
  • Xiphinema diversicaudatum
  • Xiphinema italiae
  • Xiphinema rivesi

BACTERIA and PHYTOPLASMA

  • Apple chat fruit phytoplasma
  • Apple proliferation phytoplasma
  • Burkholderia glumae
  • Candidatus liberibacter africanus
  • Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus
  • Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis
  • Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus
  • Erwinia amylovora
  • Erwinia salicis
  • Grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma
  • Palm lethal yellowing phytoplasma
  • Pantoea stewartii
  • Peach X-disease phytoplasma
  • Peach rosette phytoplasma
  • Pear decline phytoplasma
  • Pectobacterium rhapontici
  • Pseudomonas syringae pv. atrofaciens
  • Rhodococcus fascians
  • Spiroplasma citri
  • Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. aurantifolii race B
  • Xanthomonas campestris pv. cassavae (=Xanthomonas cassavae)
  • Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
  • Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola
  • Xanthomonas populi
  • Xanthomonas vasicola pv. musacearum
  • Xylophilus ampelinus

VIRUSES and VIROIDS

  • African cassava mosaic virus - (ACMV)
  • Andean potato latent virus - (APLV)
  • Arabis mosaic virus - (ArMV)
  • Arracacha virus B - (AVB)
  • Artichoke Italian latent virus - (AILV)
  • Artichoke latent virus - (ArLV)
  • Artichoke mottled crinkle virus - (AMCV)
  • Artichoke yellow ringspot virus - (AYRSV)
  • Banana bract mosaic virus - (BBrMV)
  • Banana bunchy top virus - (BBTV)
  • Banana streak virus (BSV)
  • Barley stripe mosaic virus - (BSMV)
  • Beet curly top virus - (BCTV)
  • Blueberry leaf mottle virus - (BLMoV)
  • Broad bean wilt virus - (BBWV)
  • Cacao swollen shoot virus - (CSSV)
  • Coconut Cadang-cadang viroid - (CCCVd)
  • Citrus impietratura virus
  • Citrus leaf rugose virus - (CiLRV)
  • Citrus variegation virus - (CVV)
  • Clover yellow vein virus - (ClYVV)
  • Cucumber Mosaic Virus
  • Impatiens necrotic spot virus - (INSV)
  • Lily symptomless virus - (LSV)
  • Melon necrotic spot virus - (MNSV)
  • Peach rosette mosaic virus - (PRMV)
  • Peanut stripe virus - (PStV)
  • Peanut stunt virus - (PSV)
  • Pepino mosaic virus - (PepMV)
  • Perlargonium zonate spot virus - (PZSV)
  • Plum pox virus - (PPV)
  • Poplar mosaic virus - (PopMV)
  • Potato mop-top virus - (PMTV)
  • Potato spindle tuber viroid - (PSTVd) (=Tomato bunchy top viroid)
  • Potato virus A (PVA)
  • Potato virus T - (PVT)
  • Potato yellowing virus - (PYV)
  • St. Augustine decline virus - (SAD)
  • Strawberry latent ringspot virus - (SLRSV)
  • Fiji disease virus - (FDV)
  • Tobacco black ring virus (=Tomato Black Ring Virus) - (TBRV)
  • Tobacco rattle virus - (TRV)
  • Tomato bushy stunt virus - (TBSV)
  • Tomato ringspot nepovirus - (ToRSV)
  • Tulip breaking virus - (TBV)

PARASITIC PLANTS

  • Acroptilon repens
  • Alopecurus myosuroides
  • Amaranthus albus
  • Amaranthus blitoides
  • Amaranthus graecizans
  • Apera spica-venti
  • Arceuthobium spp.
  • Arctotheca calendula
  • Asphodelus tenuifolius
  • Brachiaria paspaloides
  • Brassica tournefortii
  • Bromus rigidus
  • Cardaria draba
  • Carduus acanthoides
  • Carduus pycnocephalus
  • Centaurea diffusa
  • Chondrilla juncea
  • Cleome viscosa
  • Cirsium arvense
  • Corchorus aestuans
  • Crassocephalum crepidioides
  • Cuscuta australis
  • Cuscuta campestris
  • Cuscuta epithymum
  • Cuscuta europaea
  • Cuscuta reflexa
  • Descurainia sophia
  • Elymus repens
  • Emex australis
  • Euphorbia esula
  • Euphorbia helioscopia
  • Fumaria bastardii
  • Fumaria densiflora
  • Fumaria muralis
  • Galeopsis speciosa
  • Heliotropium europaeum
  • Hibiscus trionum
  • Hieracium pilosella
  • Hirschfeldia incana
  • Hordeum leporinum
  • Imperata cylindrica
  • Lactuca serriola
  • Leptochloa chinensis
  • Lindernia antipoda
  • Lindernia ciliata
  • Lindernia procumbens
  • Lolium rigidum
  • Ludwigia adscendens
  • Melochia corchorifolia
  • Monochoria vaginalis
  • Myagrum perfoliatum
  • Orobanche spp.
  • Phalaris paradoxa
  • Polygonum barbatum
  • Polygonum nepalense
  • Polygonum scabrum
  • Senecio vulgaris
  • Setaria pumila
  • Setaria viridis
  • Sisymbrium loeselii
  • Sisymbrium orientale
  • Sonchus arvensis
  • Solanum rostratum
  • Striga spp.
  • Taeniatherum caput-medusae
  • Vulpia ciliata
Last reviewed: