Forest Products Export Standards - Phytosanitary Requirements of European Union

Applicable for Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

Disclaimer

The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry for Primary Industries, its statutory officers, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval or publication of the information:

  1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
  2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.
(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungry, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden )

Note: The United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales) after leaving the European Union, will enter a transition period until 31 December 2020. During this period, the United Kingdom will continue to apply current European Union requirements for the importation of plants and plant products. This includes additional declarations.

Last Updated: 15 May 2020

Commodities

Logs

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.

Additional declarations for wood of conifers:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product is bark-free and free from grub holes, caused by the genus Monochamus spp. (non-European populations), defined for this purpose as those which are larger than 3 mm across,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone kiln-drying to below 20 % moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, achieved through an appropriate time/temperature schedule, indicated by a mark ‘kiln-dried’ or ‘K.D’ or another internationally recognised mark, put on the wood or on any wrapping in accordance with current usage,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate fumigation to a specification approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum wood temperature, the rate (g/m 3 ) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (d) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate chemical pressure impregnation with a product approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the pressure (psi or kPa) and the concentration (%) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (e) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the wood, and indicated by the mark ‘HT’ put on the wood or on any wrapping in accordance with current usage, and on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”

    And

  • “Consignment complies with Article 10, point 2, option (a) of the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/2032. This declares that the wood or isolated bark originates in a country free from Fusarium circinatum, established by the National Plant Protection Organization in accordance with the relevant International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures”

Note: Fusarium circinatum is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Additional declaration for wood of Sweet chestnut (Castanea Mill) to Greece, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex IV.B. point 6.3. option (b) (i) of EC Plant Health Directive 2000/29/EC”
    This declares that the product originates in an area known to be free from Cryphonectria parasitica.

Note: Cryphonectria parasitica is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for conifer logs.
Phytosanitary certificate must not be issued more than 14 days prior to export and may include the registration number of the importer.
Phytosanitary certificates must either be issued prior to export, or state the inspection date. For the United Kingdom and Spain, inspection must be carried out within 14 days before export. For France, Italy and Spain the phytosanitary certificates must be signed in ink (“wet signature”). Certificates verified by Independent Verification Agencies (IVA) are to be supplied to authorised MPI personnel for this wet signature.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Free of bark if required for additional declaration.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required for phytosanitary certification.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Coniferous logs that are not free of insect holes greater than 3mm across must be either kiln dried, heat treated or fumigated.
Fumigation Fumigated to ISPM15 requirements (maximum diameter 200mm). The active ingredient, minimum wood temperature, rate (g/m3) and exposure time (h) must be indicated on the phytosanitary certificate.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Either kiln dried to below 20% moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, at time of manufacture, achieved through an appropriate time/ temperature schedule. The logs or their packaging must be marked ‘kiln dried’ or ‘KD’.
or
Heat treated to achieve a minimum core temperature of 56°C for at least 30 continuous minutes. The logs or their packaging must be marked “HT”.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General Note: Importers must be registered with the relevant EU Member State.

Wood/ Timber - Sawn

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.

Additional declarations for wood of conifers:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product is bark-free and free from grub holes, caused by the genus Monochamus spp. (non-European populations), defined for this purpose as those which are larger than 3 mm across,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone kiln-drying to below 20 % moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, achieved through an appropriate time/temperature schedule, indicated by a mark ‘kiln-dried’ or ‘K.D’ or another internationally recognised mark, put on the wood or on any wrapping in accordance with current usage,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate fumigation to a specification approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum wood temperature, the rate (g/m 3 ) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (d) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate chemical pressure impregnation with a product approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the pressure (psi or kPa) and the concentration (%) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”                                          Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 80 option (e) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the wood, and indicated by the mark ‘HT’ put on the wood or on any wrapping in accordance with current usage, and on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”

    And

  • “Consignment complies with Article 10, point 2, option (a) of the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/2032. This declares that the wood or isolated bark originates in a country free from Fusarium circinatum, established by the National Plant Protection Organization in accordance with the relevant International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures”

Note: Fusarium circinatum is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Additional declaration for wood of Sweet chestnut (Castanea Mill) to Greece, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex IV.B. point 6.3. option (b) (i) of EC Plant Health Directive 2000/29/EC”
    This declares that the product originates in an area known to be free from Cryphonectria parasitica.

Note: Cryphonectria parasitica is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Certification Requirements

Phytosanitary certificate required for wood of conifers. Phytosanitary certificate must not be issued more than 14 days prior to export and may include the registration number of the importer. Phytosanitary certificates must either be issued prior to export, or state the inspection date. For the United Kingdom and Spain, inspection must be carried out within 14 days before export. For France, Italy and Spain the phytosanitary certificates must be signed in ink (“wet signature”). Certificates verified by Independent Verification Agencies (IVA) are to be supplied to authorised MPI personnel for this wet signature.

Phytosanitary certificates for containerised timber packets exported to the Netherlands must state the number of packets.

Prohibited Importations  
Bark Free of bark if required for additional declaration.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil Not permitted.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required for phytosanitary certification.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Coniferous timber that is not free of insect holes greater than 3mm across must be either kiln dried, heat treated or fumigated.
Fumigation Fumigated in accordance with ISPM15. Active ingredient, minimum wood temperature, rate (g/m3) and exposure time (h) must be entered into the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Either kiln dried to below 20% moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, at time of manufacture, achieved through an appropriate time/ temperature schedule. The timber or its packaging must be marked ‘kiln dried’ or ‘KD’.
Or
Heat treated to achieve a minimum core temperature of 56°C for at least 30 continuous minutes. The timber or its packaging must be marked “HT”.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General Note: Importers must be registered with the relevant EU Member State.

Wood/ Timber - Chips

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.

Additional declaration for conifer wood chips.
Either:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product originates in areas known to be free from Monochamus spp. (non-European populations), Pissodes cibriani O'Brien, Pissodes fasciatus Leconte, Pissodes nemorensis Germar, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs, Pissodes punctatus Langor & Zhang, Pissodes strobi (Peck), Pissodes terminalis Hopping, Pissodes yunnanensis Langor & Zhang and Pissodes zitacuarense Sleeper, Scolytidae spp. (non- European) The area shall be mentioned on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, under the rubric ‘place of origin,’”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has been produced from debarked round wood,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone kiln-drying to below 20 % moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, achieved through an appropriate time/temperature schedule,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (d) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate fumigation to a specification approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum wood temperature, the rate (g/m3) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (e) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.  
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the wood, the latter to be indicated on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”

    And

  • “Consignment complies with Article 10, point 4, option (a) of the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/2032. This declares that the wood or isolated bark originates in a country free from Fusarium circinatum, established by the National Plant Protection Organisation in accordance with the relevant International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures”

Note: Fusarium circinatum is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Additional declaration for Sweet chestnut (Castanea Mill) wood chips to Greece, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex IV.B. point 6.3. option (b) (i) of EC Plant Health Directive 2000/29/EC”
    This declares that the product originates in an area known to be free from Cryphonectria parasitica.

Note: Cryphonectria parasitica is not known to occur in New Zealand.

Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for conifer wood chips.
Phytosanitary certificate must not be issued more than 14 days prior to export and may include the registration number of the importer. Phytosanitary certificates must either be issued prior to export, or state the inspection date. For the United Kingdom and Spain, inspection must be carried out within 14 days before export. For France, Italy and Spain the phytosanitary certificates must be signed in ink (“wet signature”). Certificates verified by Independent Verification Agencies (IVA) are to be supplied to authorised MPI personnel for this wet signature.
Prohibited Importations -
Bark Free of bark if required for additional declaration.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections  Verification inspection required for phytosanitary certification.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  Coniferous wood chips must be made from debarked wood, fumigated or heat treated.
Fumigation Fumigated in accordance with ISPM15. Active ingredient, minimum wood temperature, rate (g/m3) and exposure time (h) must be entered into the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate.
On board ship or in container and sealed after fumigation.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Either kiln dried to below 20% moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, at time of manufacture, achieved through an appropriate time/ temperature schedule. The chips or their packaging must be marked ‘kiln dried’ or ‘KD’.
Or
Heat treated to achieve a minimum core temperature of 56°C for at least 30 continuous minutes. The chips or their packaging must be marked “HT”.
Preservative treatments
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General Note: Importers must be registered with the relevant EU Member State.

Wood Products - Reconstituted/ Plywood/ LVL/ Veneer

Import Permits or Declarations

Import permit NOT required.

Additional declaration for conifer reconstituted/ plywood/ LVL/ veneer wood products:

  •  “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product originates in areas known to be free from Monochamus spp. (non-European populations), Pissodes cibriani O'Brien, Pissodes fasciatus Leconte, Pissodes nemorensis Germar, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs, Pissodes punctatus Langor & Zhang, Pissodes strobi (Peck), Pissodes terminalis Hopping, Pissodes yunnanensis Langor & Zhang and Pissodes zitacuarense Sleeper, Scolytidae spp. (non- European) The area shall be mentioned on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, under the rubric ‘place of origin,’”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has been produced from debarked round wood,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone kiln-drying to below 20 % moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, achieved through an appropriate time/temperature schedule,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (d) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate fumigation to a specification approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum wood temperature, the rate (g/m3) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (e) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.  
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the wood, the latter to be indicated on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for conifer reconstituted/ plywood/ LVL/ veneer wood products.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark -
Insects -
Fungi -
Soil -
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections -
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General No further information.

 

Wood Products - Manufactured

Import Permits or Declarations

Import permit NOT required.

Additional declaration for conifer manufactured wood products:

  •  “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product originates in areas known to be free from Monochamus spp. (non-European populations), Pissodes cibriani O'Brien, Pissodes fasciatus Leconte, Pissodes nemorensis Germar, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs, Pissodes punctatus Langor & Zhang, Pissodes strobi (Peck), Pissodes terminalis Hopping, Pissodes yunnanensis Langor & Zhang and Pissodes zitacuarense Sleeper, Scolytidae spp. (non- European) The area shall be mentioned on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, under the rubric ‘place of origin,’”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has been produced from debarked round wood,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone kiln-drying to below 20 % moisture content, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, achieved through an appropriate time/temperature schedule,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (d) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate fumigation to a specification approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum wood temperature, the rate (g/m3) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 81 option (e) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.   
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the wood, the latter to be indicated on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”
Certification Requirements

Phytosanitary certificate required for conifer manufactured wood products.

Prohibited Importations  
Bark -
Insects -
Fungi -
Soil -
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections -
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General No further information.

Wood Products - Packaging

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Wood packaging material and dunnage must be marked in accordance with ISPM 15.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Wood packaging material and dunnage must be made of debarked wood in accordance with ISPM 15. Please Note: The EU does not require WPM to be stamped with the letters “DB” indicating that it is free of bark.
Insects  
Fungi  
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection not required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Fumigation or heat treatment.
Fumigation Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General Wood packaging material not actually in use, but exported to the EU as a consignment must be ISPM15 compliant.

Bark

Import Permits or Declarations

Import permit NOT required.

Additional declarations required for bark of conifers:

  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 82 option (a) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.  
    This declares that the product has been subjected to an appropriate fumigation with a fumigant approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 107 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031, the active ingredient, the minimum bark temperature, the rate (g/m 3) and the exposure time (h) of which are indicated on the phytosanitary certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031.”
    Or
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 82 option (b) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that the product has undergone an appropriate heat treatment to achieve a minimum temperature of 56 °C for a minimum duration of 30 continuous minutes throughout the entire profile of the bark, indicated on the certificate referred to in Article 71 of Regulation (EU) No 2016/2031,”   
    And
  • “Consignment complies with Annex VII, 82 option (c) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072.
    This declares that that subsequent to its treatment the bark was transported until leaving the country issuing that statement outside of the flight season of the vector Monochamus, taking into account a safety margin of four additional weeks at the beginning and at the end of the expected flight season, or with a protective covering ensuring that infestation with Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner et Bührer) Nickle et al. or its vector cannot occur.”
    Note: Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and Monochamus spp. are not known to occur in New Zealand.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for bark of conifers.
Phytosanitary certificate must not be issued more than 14 days prior to export and may include the registration number of the importer.
Phytosanitary certificates must either be issued prior to export, or state the inspection date. For the United Kingdom and Spain, inspection must be carried out within 14 days before export. For France, Italy and Spain the phytosanitary certificates must be signed in ink (“wet signature”). Certificates verified by Independent Verification Agencies (IVA) are to be supplied to authorised MPI personnel for this wet signature.
Prohibited Importations Bark of Sweet chestnut (Castanea Mill) is prohibited.
Bark -
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil -
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required for bark of conifers.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Bark of conifers must be fumigated or heat treated.
Fumigation No information on schedules for bark. Use New Zealand schedule.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat treated to achieve the minimum temperature of 56°C for at least 30 continuous minutes.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand.
General Note: Importers must be registered with the relevant EU Member State.

Quarantine Pests

See section 2.5 of the ICPR European Union [PDF, 2.2 MB]

Last reviewed: