Food Control Plans (FCPs) for seafood

Depending on their business activities, fish processors that are exempt from operating under a risk management programme (RMP) must operate under an FCP or the Food Hygiene Regulations (FHR).

Who has an FCP or operates under FHR

If you operate only as a fish retailer, doing the primary processing of the fish you sell, you can operate under the Food Act using:

  • an FCP, or
  • the Food Hygiene Regulations 1974.

Operating under the Food Act

The Food Act 2014 came into force on 1 March 2016. The Act applies to all new food businesses that started from that date.

Existing businesses (registered under the Food Act 1981 or Food Hygiene Regulations 1974 before 29 February 2016) are making the transition between 2016 and 2019. Find out when your type of business has to start operating under the Act.

Find out more about primary processing of fish:

Operating with an FCP

If you can and choose to operate under an audited FCP and do primary processing, you will be exempt from the requirements of the FHR. To qualify for the exemption, you must sell all of your fish in the retail market in New Zealand. You must not export any fish.

Find out more about operating with an FCP in the section about the Food Act 2014:

Operating under the FHR

Some fish processors choose to operate under the FHR. These are generally smaller fish processing operations – for example, a fish shop or a takeaway outlet selling fish and chips in the New Zealand market.

The FHR are administered by your local council (territorial authority). Find the contact for your council on the local government website:

Choosing the right programme

  Exporting Not exporting
  With official assurances Without official assurances Wholesale only Retail and wholesale Retail only
Primary processing only RMP RMP RMP FCP* or
RMP
FHR or
FCP or
RMP
Primary and secondary processing RMP RMP^ RMP^ FCP* or
RMP^
FHR or
FCP or
RMP
Secondary processing only RMP

FHR or
FCP or
RMP

FHR or
FCP or
RMP

FHR or
FCP or
RMP
FHR or
FCP or
RMP

* To operate under an FCP, a primary processor that does not export but sells seafood by retail and wholesale must do so from the same premises.

^ You can choose to do secondary processing activities under an FCP or the FHR.

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