Forest Products Export Standards - Phytosanitary Requirements of Canada

Disclaimer

The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry for Primary Industries, its statutory officers, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval or publication of the information:

  1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
  2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.

Last Updated: 08 January 2013

Commodities

Logs

Import Permits or Declarations A pest risk assessment is required. Import permit required.
Certification Requirements -
Prohibited Importations -
Bark -
Insects -
Fungi -
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections -
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release -
General -

Wood/ Timber - Sawn (Non Tropical Species)

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit not required.
For heat treatments the phytosanitary certificate must contain the following additional declaration:

“Each piece of wood has attained a minimum temperature of 56ºC throughout the profile of the wood (including at its core) for a minimium of 30 minutes”.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required.
Phytosanitary Certificate must be issued within 14 days before shipping to Canada.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Free of bark.
Insects Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Fungi Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Sawn timber must be treated with either Methyl bromide or heat treatment as specified below.  This treatment must be specified on the phytosanitary certificate.
Fumigation Methyl bromide fumigation at:
  • 48 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 21°C or above;
  • 56 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 16°C or above; or
  • 64 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 10°C or above.
Wood turning blanks must be less than 200mm thick if fumigated.
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat treatment to attain a minimum core temperature of 56°C for 30 minutes.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Please see Wood Products – Reconstituted/ Plywood/ LVL/ Veneer for pre-shaped mouldings, end-jointed or finger-jointed lumber, pre-shaped banisters, railings and spindles that have been subjected to processing conditions that have altered the commodity in a manner to reduce significantly the ability of wood items to provide a habitat for pests.
General For a list of tropical and non-tropical tree species, please refer to:
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/plaveg/protect/dir/tropicale.shtml

Wood/ Timber - Sawn (Tropical Species)

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit not required.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required.
Phytosanitary Certificate must be issued within 14 days before shipping to Canada.
Prohibited Importations -
Bark Free of bark.
Insects Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Fungi Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release -
General For a list of tropical and non-tropical tree species, please refer to:
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/plaveg/protect/dir/tropicale.shtml

Wood/ Timber - Chips

Import Permits or Declarations A pest risk assessment is required. Import permit required.
Certification Requirements -
Prohibited Importations -
Bark -
Insects -
Fungi -
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections -
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release Please see Wood Products – Reconstituted/ Plywood/ LVL/ Veneer for saw dust.
General -

Wood Products – Reconstituted/ Plywood/ LVL/ Veneer

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate NOT required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Completely free of bark.
Insects Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Fungi Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections None required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation  
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Processed wood materials that have been subjected to processing conditions that have altered the commodity in a manner to reduce significantly the ability of wood items to provide a habitat for pests are not regulated by Canada. Examples include pre-shaped mouldings, end-jointed or finger-jointed lumber, pre-shaped banisters, railings and spindles.
General  

Wood Products - Manufactured

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required for decorative wood items exceeding 1.5mm thickness.
Phytosanitary Certificate must be issued within 14 days before shipping to Canada.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required for other manufactured wooden articles.
Prohibited Importations -
Bark Completely free of bark.
Insects Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Fungi Free from quarantine pests and signs of living pests.
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections None required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation Decorative wood items exceeding 1.5mm thickness must be fumigated with Methyl bromide at:
  • 48 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 21°C or above; or
  • 56 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 16°C or above; or
  • 64 grams/m3 for 24 hours at a minimum temperature of 10°C or above.
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments Uncertificated decorative wood items less than 1.5mm thick must be dried to a moisture content of less than 8%.
Decorative wood items over 1.5mm thick must have less than 20% moisture content.
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release Wooden furniture, finished wood tool handles, pre-made windows and doors, routed wooden picture frames, kitchenware and children’s toys are not regulated.
Uncertificated decorative wood items including baskets, branches, and wreaths containing cones must not exceed 1.5cm thickness and must be completely sealed with paint, varnish or other sealants. 
General -

Wood Products - Packaging

Import Permits or Declarations  
Certification Requirements Wood packaging material and dunnage must be marked in accordance with ISPM 15.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Wood packaging material and dunnage must be made of debarked wood in accordance with ISPM 15.
Insects Free from all quarantine pests and signs of pests.
Fungi Free of decay and other fungi.
Soil Other
Pre-Shipment Inspections None required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General  

Bark

Import Permits or Declarations A pest risk assessment is required. Import permit required.
Certification Requirements -
Prohibited Importations -
Bark -
Insects -
Fungi -
Soil -
Other -
Pre-Shipment Inspections -
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation -
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments -
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release -
General -

Quarantine Pests

Scientific nameCommon name
Achatina achatina giant west African snail
Achatina fulica giant African snail
Acrobasis pyrivorella pear fruit moth
Acropolitis rudisana leafroller caterpillar
Adelges piceae balsam woolly adelgid
Adelges tsugae hemlock woolly adelgid
Adoxophyes orana sumer fruit tortrix moth
Agrilus planipennis emerald ash borer
Albino cherry agent albino cherry
Alternaria gaisen black spot of Japanese pear
Alternaria kikuchiana blackspot
American plum line pattern virus APLPV American plum line pattern virus
Amphitetranychus viennensis Hawthorn spider mite
Andean potato latent virus APLV Andean potato latent virus
Andean potato mottle virus APMoV Andean potato mottle virus
Anisogramma anomala eastern filbert blight
Anoplophora chinensis Citrus long-horned Beetle
Anoplophora glabripennis Asian long-horned beetle
Anoplophora nobilis yellow spotted starry sky beetle
Anoplophora spp. long-horned beetle
Apple chat fruit phytoplasma apple chat fruit phytoplasma
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus ACLSV peach dark green sunken mottle apple chlorotic leaf spot virus
Apple flat limb agent apple flat limb agent
Apple green crinkle agent apple green crinkle agent
Apple proliferation phytoplasma AP apple proliferation phytoplasma
Apple ringspot agent apple ringspot agent
Apple rosette agent apple rosette agent
Apple rough bark agent apple rough bark agent
Apple rubbery wood phytoplasma ARW apple rubbery wood phytoplasma
Apple scar skin viroid ASSVd apple scar skin viroid
Apple star crack agent apple star crack agent
Apple stem grooving virus ASGV apple stem grooving virus
Apple stem pitting virus ASPV apple stem pitting virus
Apricot ringpox virus syn. apricot ringspot agent apricot ringpox virus
Archachatina degneri giant African land snail
Archachatina purpurea giant African land snail
Archachatina ventricosa giant African land snail
Argyrotaenia ljungiana Eurasian fruit roller moth
Arracacha virus B (Oca strain) Arracacha virus B (Oca strain)
Artichoke Italian latent virus artichoke Italian latent virus
Beet curly top virus BCTV beet curly top virus
Berberis spp. barberry
Bing spur virus (cherry compact virus)  
Bing spur virus (cherry compact virus)
Black currant reversion virus (syn.blackcurrant reversion associated virus) black currant reversion disease
Bois-noir (Blackwood agent) black wood agent
Brenneria salicis watermark disease of willow
Cacoecimorpha pronubana carnation tortrix
Callipogon relictus boring beetle
Carposina sasakii peach fruit moth
Cepaea nemoralis banded wood snail
Ceratocystis fagacearum oak wilt
Ceratocystis (syn.Ophiostoma) ulmi Dutch elm disease
Charrinia (syn. Coniella) diplodiella white rot
Cherry compact agent (= spur cherry virus, Bing spur virus) cherry compact agent
Cherry green ring mottle virus cherry green ring mottle virus
Cherry leaf roll virus cherry leaf roll virus
Cherry mottle leaf virus CMLV cherry mottle leaf virus
Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus CNRMV cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus
Cherry pink fruit agent cherry pink fruit agent
Cherry rasp leaf virus CRLV cherry rasp leaf virus
Cherry rough fruit agent cherry rough fruit agent
Cherry rusty mottle (European) cherry rusty mottle (European)
Cherry short stem agent cherry short stem agent
Cherry twisted leaf agent cherry twisted leaf agent
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus bacterial ring rot
Colletotrichum panacicola ginseng anthracnose
Coniella diplodiella white rot of grape
Conogethes punctiferalis yellow peach moth
Contarinia nasturtii swede midge
Cuscuta spp. dodder
Cydia funebrana plum fruit moth
Cydia (syn. Grapholita) inopinata Manchurian codling moth
Cydia latiferreana filbertworm
Cydia pomonella codling moth
Daktulosphaira vitifoliae syn. Viteus vitifolia grape phylloxera
Diaporthe tanakae European pear dieback
Diaspidiotus pyri pear scale
Dichocrocis (syn. Conogethes) punctiferalis yellow peach moth
Ditylenchus destructor potato rot nematode
Ditylenchus dipsaci stem and bulb nematode, onion bulb nematode
Ditylenchus dipsaci (potato race) stem and bulb nematode
Dreyfusia piceae balsam woolly aphid
Elsinoe ampelina grapevine anthracnose
Epiphyas postvittana light brown apple moth
Eupoecilia ambiguella vine moth
Euproctis chrysorrhoea browntail moth
European stonefruit yellows phytoplasma peach or apricot chlorotic leafroll
Flavescence dorée MLO Flavescence dorée phytoplasma
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cannabis Fusarium wilt
Globodera pallida pale cyst nematode
Globodera rostochiensis golden nematode
Grapevine asteroid mosaic virus grapevine asteroid mosaic virus
Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus GBLV grapevine Bulgarian latent virus
Grapevine chasselas latent agent (= grapevine fleck virus) grapevine chasselas latent agent
Grapevine (Hungarian) chrome mosaic virus GCMV grapevine chrome mosaic virus
Grapevine corky bark grapevine corky bark virus (non quarantine pest as of 2 September 2014)
Grapevine enation agent grapevine enation agent
Grapevine yellows disease grapevine yellows disease
Grapevine vein mosaic or necrosis virus grapevine vein mosaic or necrosis virus
Grapholita inopinata Manchurian codling moth
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Gremmeniella abietina scleroderris canker
Gremmeniella abietina var abietina scleroderris canker (European race)
Guignardia baccae black rot of grape
Gymnosporangium fuscum pear trellis rust (non quarantine pest as of 24 July 2014)
Gymnosporangium yamadae Japanese apple rust
Helix aspersa syn. Cornu aspersum brown garden snail
Helix spp. terrestrial snails
Hesperophanes campestris hairy house longicorn
Hungarian chrome mosaic virus Hungarian chrome mosaic virus
Hylastes ater bark beetle
Ips typographus spruce bark beetle
Kober stem grooving Kober stem grooving
Lachnellula willkommii European larch canker
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Colorado potato beetle
Leucoptera malifoliella pear leaf blister moth
Little cherry virus,1 2 & 3 little cherry virus
LN33 stem grooving agent LN33 stem grooving agent
Lobesia botrana vine moth
Longidorus spp. needle nematode
Lymantria dispar gypsy moth
Lymantria mathura rosy gypsy moth
Lymantria monacha nun moth
Mahoberberis spp. barberry
Mahonia spp. barberry
Mayetiola destructor Hessian fly
Melissopus latiferreanus filbertworm
Meloidogyne chitwoodi Columbia root knot nematode
Monilia polystroma  
Monilinia fructigena brown rot
Monilinia mali apple blossom blight
Monochamus alternatus dark pine longicorn
Monochamus spp. boring beetles
Naupactus xanthographus fruit tree weevil
Neovossia indica karnal bunt
Numonia pirivorella pear fruitworm
Nysius vinitor Rutherglen bug
Operophtera brumata winter moth
Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Dutch elm disease
Ophiostoma ulmi Dutch elm disease
Orgyia anartoides painted apple moth
Orobanche spp. broomrape
Ostrinia nubilalis European corn borer
Otala lactea milk snail
Otala vermiculata  
Otiorhynchus corruptor  
Otiorhynchus ligustici alfalfa snout beetle
Oulema melanopus cereal leaf beetle
Peach chlorotic leafroll phytoplasma peach chlorotic leafroll
Peach dark green sunken mottle virus peach dark green sunken mottle virus
Peach mosaic virus PMV peach mosaic virus
Peach rosette mosaic virus PRMV peach rosette mosaic virus
Peach wart peach wart
Peach X-disease phytoplasma Peach X-disease phytoplasma
peach yellows phytoplasma peach yellows phytoplasma
Pear blister canker PBCVd pear blister canker
Pear bud drop pear bud drop
Pear decline and moria phytoplasma pear decline and moria phytoplasma
Pear rough bark pear rough bark
Pear stony pit pear stony pit
Peronospora hyoscyami f. sp. tabacina tobacco blue mold
Phalaenoides glycinae grapevine moth
Phoma exigua var. foveata potato gangrene
Phomopsis viticola deadarm disease, Phomopsis cane and leaf spot
Phony peach Xylella fastidiosa
Phytophthora ramorum sudden oak death
Phytophthora spp. Phytophthora
Pierce's disease fastidiosa = Phony peach Pierce's disease bacterium (=Peach phony disease)
Plum pox virus or sharka PPV plum pox virus or sharka
Plum rusty blotch plum rusty blotch
Pogonomyrmex occidentalis harvester ants
Popillia japonica Japanese beetle
Potato deforming mosaic virus PDMV potato deforming mosaic virus
Potato mop top virus PMTV potato mop top virus
Potato spindle tuber viroid PSTVd potato spindle tuber viroid
Potato virus T potato virus T
Potato virus U potato virus U
Potato virus V potato virus V
Potato virus Y C strain (PVYC) potato virus Y strain (PVYC)
Potato virus Y NTN strain (PVYNTN) potato virus YNTN (PVYNTN)
Potato virus Y N strain (PVYN) potato virus YN (PVYN)
Potato yellow vein virus potato yellow vein virus
Potato yellowing virus potato yellowing virus
Proeulia spp. Chilean fruit leaf folders
Prune dwarf virus PDV prune dwarf virus
Prunus necrotic ringspot virus PNRSV Prunus necrotic ringspot virus
Pseudomonas solanacearum, race 3 brown rot
Pseudomonas syringae pv. cannabina bacteriosis of hemp
Pseudoperonospora cannabina downy mildew of hemp
Pseudopeziza tracheiphila grapevine red fire disease
Puccinia coronata crown rust of oats
Puccinia graminis black stem rust of wheat
Puccinia horiana chrysanthemum white rust
Quadraspidiotus pyri = Diaspidiotus pyri
Ralstonia solanacearum Race 3 potato brown rot
Raspberry ringspot virus raspberry ringspot virus
Rhacodiella vitis grapevine spotted necrosis
Rhagoletis cerasi European cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis mendax blueberry maggot
Rhagoletis pomonella apple maggot
Rhamnus spp. buckthorn
Rosellinia necatrix root rot
Sclerotinia fructigena brown rot
Sclerotinia pseudotuberosa acorn, rot chestnut rot
Sclerotium cepivorum white rot
Sesamia cretica durra stem borer
Sirex noctilio wood boring wasp, Sirex wasp
Spur cherry agent (Bing spur virus, cherry compact virus) spur cherry agent
Strawberry latent ringspot virus SLRV strawberry latent ringspot virus
Striga spp.  
Synchytrium endobioticum potato wart disease
Teia anartoides painted apple moth
Tetranychus truncatus spider mite
Tetranychus viennensis hawthorn spider mite
Tetropium castaneum boring beetle
Tetropium fuscum brown spruce longhorn beetle
Theba pisana white garden snail
Thecaphora solani potato smut
Tilletia controversa syn. T. contraversa dwarf bunt of wheat
Tilletia indica karnal bunt
Tobacco rattle virus tobacco rattle virus
Tobacco ringspot virus (potato calico strain) TBRSV-CA tobacco ringspot virus (potato calico strain)
Tobacco ringspot virus TbRSV tobacco ringspot virus
Tomato black ring virus TBRV tomato black ring virus
Tomato black ring virus beet ringspot strain tomato black ring virus beet ringspot strain
Tomato bushy stunt virus TBSV tomato bushy stunt virus
Tomato ringspot virus TomRV apple union necrosis
Tomicus piniperda European pine shoot beetle
Trichodorus spp. stubby root nematode
Trichoferus campestris boring beetle
Trogoderma granarium khapra beetle
Urocystis agropyri flag smut of wheat
Venturia nashicola Asian pear scab
Vergilbungskrankheit Flavescence dorée, bois noir
Viteus vitifoliae grapevine phylloxera
Xanthomonas ampelina syn. Xylophilus ampelinus grapevine bacterial blight
Xanthomonas campestris pv. cannabis leaf spot of hemp
Xanthomonas populi bacterial canker of poplar
Xiphinema spp. dagger nematode
Xylella fastidiosa (= Pierce's disease bacterium, Prunus phony disease) phony disease of peach
Xylophilus (= Xanthomonas) ampelinus (ampelina) grapevine bacterial blight
Yponomeuta malinellus apple ermine moth

Canada's regulated pests can be accessed at
www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/english/plaveg/protect/listpespare.shtml

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