Forest Products Export Standards - Phytosanitary Requirements of Canada


The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry for Primary Industries, its statutory officers, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval or publication of the information:

  1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
  2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.

Last Updated: 16 January 2020


All Commodities

AIRS is the automated import reference system of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).  

Refer to the AIRS user guide for details on how to use the system.


  • Search for “lumber” when looking for timber requirements in AIRS.
  • Phytosanitary Certificates must be issued within 14 days of export.


Import Permits or Declarations

Import permit NOT required.

Certification Requirements

Phytosanitary certificate required.

Prohibited Importations





Free of quarantine pests.


Free of quarantine pests.



Pre-Shipment Inspections

Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.

Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments




Antisapstain treatments


Insecticide treatments


Heat treatments

Timber must be heat treated to attain a minimum temperature of 56 degrees Celsius throughout the wood profile, including core, for minimum 30 minutes.

Preservative treatments


Concessional Release



Shipments are subject to inspection upon arrival in Canada.

Wood Products - Packaging

Import Permits or Declarations

Brokers/ Importers must attest to one of the following:

"Wood packaging contained with shipment displays the ISPM No. 15 compliant stamp."
" Wood packaging material is accompanied by a Phytosanitary Certificate ie: approved treatment per ISPM no. 15."
"Wood packaging material is made out of manufactured wood which is exempted from ISPM No. 15."
OR (when it applies)
"No wood packaging contained with shipment."

Certification Requirements

Wood packaging material and dunnage should be marked in accordance with ISPM 15.
Phytosanitary certificate accepted in lieu of ISPM 15.

Prohibited Importations -
Bark Wood packaging material and dunnage must be made of debarked wood in accordance with ISPM 15.
Insects Free of quarantine pests.
Fungi Free of quarantine pests.
Soil Other
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments -
Fumigation Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Antisapstain treatments -
Insecticide treatments -
Heat treatments Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15
Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release -
General -

Quarantine Pests

Scientific nameCommon name

Achatina achatina

giant west African snail

Achatina fulica

giant African snail

Acrobasis pyrivorella

pear fruit moth

Acropolitis rudisana

leafroller caterpillar

Adelges piceae

balsam woolly adelgid

Adelges tsugae

hemlock woolly adelgid

Adoxophyes orana

sumer fruit tortrix moth

Agrilus planipennis

emerald ash borer

Albino cherry agent

albino cherry

Alternaria gaisen

black spot of Japanese pear

Alternaria kikuchiana


American plum line pattern virus APLPV

American plum line pattern virus

Amphitetranychus viennensis

Hawthorn spider mite

Andean potato latent virus APLV

Andean potato latent virus

Andean potato mottle virus APMoV

Andean potato mottle virus

Anisogramma anomala

eastern filbert blight

Anoplophora chinensis

Citrus long-horned Beetle

Anoplophora glabripennis

Asian long-horned beetle

Anoplophora nobilis

yellow spotted starry sky beetle

Anoplophora spp.

long-horned beetle

Apple chat fruit phytoplasma

apple chat fruit phytoplasma

Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus ACLSV

peach dark green sunken mottle apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Apple flat limb agent

apple flat limb agent

Apple green crinkle agent

apple green crinkle agent

Apple proliferation phytoplasma AP

apple proliferation phytoplasma

Apple ringspot agent

apple ringspot agent

Apple rosette agent

apple rosette agent

Apple rough bark agent

apple rough bark agent

Apple rubbery wood phytoplasma ARW

apple rubbery wood phytoplasma

Apple scar skin viroid ASSVd

apple scar skin viroid

Apple star crack agent

apple star crack agent

Apple stem grooving virus ASGV

apple stem grooving virus

Apple stem pitting virus ASPV

apple stem pitting virus

Apricot ringpox virus syn. apricot ringspot agent

apricot ringpox virus

Archachatina degneri

giant African land snail

Archachatina purpurea

giant African land snail

Archachatina ventricosa

giant African land snail

Argyrotaenia ljungiana

Eurasian fruit roller moth

Arracacha virus B (Oca strain)

Arracacha virus B (Oca strain)

Artichoke Italian latent virus

artichoke Italian latent virus

Beet curly top virus BCTV

beet curly top virus

Berberis spp.


Bing spur virus (cherry compact virus)


Bing spur virus

(cherry compact virus)

Black currant reversion virus (syn.blackcurrant reversion associated virus)

black currant reversion disease

Bois-noir (Blackwood agent)

black wood agent

Brenneria salicis

watermark disease of willow

Cacoecimorpha pronubana

carnation tortrix

Callipogon relictus

boring beetle

Carposina sasakii

peach fruit moth

Cepaea nemoralis

banded wood snail

Ceratocystis fagacearum

oak wilt

Ceratocystis (syn.Ophiostoma) ulmi

Dutch elm disease

Charrinia (syn. Coniella) diplodiella

white rot

Cherry compact agent (= spur cherry virus, Bing spur virus)

cherry compact agent

Cherry green ring mottle virus

cherry green ring mottle virus

Cherry leaf roll virus

cherry leaf roll virus

Cherry mottle leaf virus CMLV

cherry mottle leaf virus

Cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus CNRMV

cherry necrotic rusty mottle virus

Cherry pink fruit agent

cherry pink fruit agent

Cherry rasp leaf virus CRLV

cherry rasp leaf virus

Cherry rough fruit agent

cherry rough fruit agent

Cherry rusty mottle (European)

cherry rusty mottle (European)

Cherry short stem agent

cherry short stem agent

Cherry twisted leaf agent

cherry twisted leaf agent

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus

bacterial ring rot

Colletotrichum panacicola

ginseng anthracnose

Coniella diplodiella

white rot of grape

Conogethes punctiferalis

yellow peach moth

Contarinia nasturtii

swede midge

Cuscuta spp.


Cydia funebrana

plum fruit moth

Cydia (syn. Grapholita) inopinata

Manchurian codling moth

Cydia latiferreana


Cydia pomonella

codling moth

Daktulosphaira vitifoliae syn. Viteus vitifolia

grape phylloxera

Diaporthe tanakae

European pear dieback

Diaspidiotus pyri

pear scale

Dichocrocis (syn. Conogethes) punctiferalis

yellow peach moth

Ditylenchus destructor

potato rot nematode

Ditylenchus dipsaci

stem and bulb nematode, onion bulb nematode

Ditylenchus dipsaci (potato race)

stem and bulb nematode

Dreyfusia piceae

balsam woolly aphid

Elsinoe ampelina

grapevine anthracnose

Epiphyas postvittana

light brown apple moth

Eupoecilia ambiguella

vine moth

Euproctis chrysorrhoea

browntail moth

European stonefruit yellows phytoplasma

peach or apricot chlorotic leafroll

Flavescence dorée MLO

Flavescence dorée phytoplasma

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cannabis

Fusarium wilt

Globodera pallida

pale cyst nematode

Globodera rostochiensis

golden nematode

Grapevine asteroid mosaic virus

grapevine asteroid mosaic virus

Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus GBLV

grapevine Bulgarian latent virus

Grapevine chasselas latent agent (= grapevine fleck virus)

grapevine chasselas latent agent

Grapevine (Hungarian) chrome mosaic virus GCMV

grapevine chrome mosaic virus

Grapevine corky bark

grapevine corky bark virus (non quarantine pest as of 2 September 2014)

Grapevine enation agent

grapevine enation agent

Grapevine yellows disease

grapevine yellows disease

Grapevine vein mosaic or necrosis virus

grapevine vein mosaic or necrosis virus

Grapholita inopinata

Manchurian codling moth

Grapholita molesta

Oriental fruit moth

Gremmeniella abietina

scleroderris canker

Gremmeniella abietina var abietina

scleroderris canker (European race)

Guignardia baccae

black rot of grape

Gymnosporangium fuscum

pear trellis rust (non quarantine pest as of 24 July 2014)

Gymnosporangium yamadae

Japanese apple rust

Helix aspersa syn. Cornu aspersum

brown garden snail

Helix spp.

terrestrial snails

Hesperophanes campestris

hairy house longicorn

Hungarian chrome mosaic virus

Hungarian chrome mosaic virus

Hylastes ater

bark beetle

Ips typographus

spruce bark beetle

Kober stem grooving

Kober stem grooving

Lachnellula willkommii

European larch canker

Leptinotarsa decemlineata

Colorado potato beetle

Leucoptera malifoliella

pear leaf blister moth

Little cherry virus,1 2 & 3

little cherry virus

LN33 stem grooving agent

LN33 stem grooving agent

Lobesia botrana

vine moth

Longidorus spp.

needle nematode

Lymantria dispar

gypsy moth

Lymantria mathura

rosy gypsy moth

Lymantria monacha

nun moth

Mahoberberis spp.


Mahonia spp.


Mayetiola destructor

Hessian fly

Melissopus latiferreanus


Meloidogyne chitwoodi

Columbia root knot nematode

Monilia polystroma


Monilinia fructigena

brown rot

Monilinia mali

apple blossom blight

Monochamus alternatus

dark pine longicorn

Monochamus spp.

boring beetles

Naupactus xanthographus

fruit tree weevil

Neovossia indica

karnal bunt

Numonia pirivorella

pear fruitworm

Nysius vinitor

Rutherglen bug

Operophtera brumata

winter moth

Ophiostoma novo-ulmi

Dutch elm disease

Ophiostoma ulmi

Dutch elm disease

Orgyia anartoides

painted apple moth

Orobanche spp.


Ostrinia nubilalis

European corn borer

Otala lactea

milk snail

Otala vermiculata


Otiorhynchus corruptor


Otiorhynchus ligustici

alfalfa snout beetle

Oulema melanopus

cereal leaf beetle

Peach chlorotic leafroll phytoplasma

peach chlorotic leafroll

Peach dark green sunken mottle virus

peach dark green sunken mottle virus

Peach mosaic virus PMV

peach mosaic virus

Peach rosette mosaic virus PRMV

peach rosette mosaic virus

Peach wart

peach wart

Peach X-disease phytoplasma

Peach X-disease phytoplasma

peach yellows phytoplasma

peach yellows phytoplasma

Pear blister canker PBCVd

pear blister canker

Pear bud drop

pear bud drop

Pear decline and moria phytoplasma

pear decline and moria phytoplasma

Pear rough bark

pear rough bark

Pear stony pit

pear stony pit

Peronospora hyoscyami f. sp. tabacina

tobacco blue mold

Phalaenoides glycinae

grapevine moth

Phoma exigua var. foveata

potato gangrene

Phomopsis viticola

deadarm disease, Phomopsis cane and leaf spot

Phony peach

Xylella fastidiosa

Phytophthora ramorum

sudden oak death

Phytophthora spp.


Pierce's disease fastidiosa = Phony peach

Pierce's disease bacterium (=Peach phony disease)

Plum pox virus or sharka PPV

plum pox virus or sharka

Plum rusty blotch

plum rusty blotch

Pogonomyrmex occidentalis

harvester ants

Popillia japonica

Japanese beetle

Potato deforming mosaic virus PDMV

potato deforming mosaic virus

Potato mop top virus PMTV

potato mop top virus

Potato spindle tuber viroid PSTVd

potato spindle tuber viroid

Potato virus T

potato virus T

Potato virus U

potato virus U

Potato virus V

potato virus V

Potato virus Y C strain (PVYC)

potato virus Y strain (PVYC)

Potato virus Y NTN strain (PVYNTN)

potato virus YNTN (PVYNTN)

Potato virus Y N strain (PVYN)

potato virus YN (PVYN)

Potato yellow vein virus

potato yellow vein virus

Potato yellowing virus

potato yellowing virus

Proeulia spp.

Chilean fruit leaf folders

Prune dwarf virus PDV

prune dwarf virus

Prunus necrotic ringspot virus PNRSV

Prunus necrotic ringspot virus

Pseudomonas solanacearum, race 3

brown rot

Pseudomonas syringae pv. cannabina

bacteriosis of hemp

Pseudoperonospora cannabina

downy mildew of hemp

Pseudopeziza tracheiphila

grapevine red fire disease

Puccinia coronata

crown rust of oats

Puccinia graminis

black stem rust of wheat

Puccinia horiana

chrysanthemum white rust

Quadraspidiotus pyri

= Diaspidiotus pyri

Ralstonia solanacearum Race 3

potato brown rot

Raspberry ringspot virus

raspberry ringspot virus

Rhacodiella vitis

grapevine spotted necrosis

Rhagoletis cerasi

European cherry fruit fly

Rhagoletis mendax

blueberry maggot

Rhagoletis pomonella

apple maggot

Rhamnus spp.


Rosellinia necatrix

root rot

Sclerotinia fructigena

brown rot

Sclerotinia pseudotuberosa

acorn, rot chestnut rot

Sclerotium cepivorum

white rot

Sesamia cretica

durra stem borer

Sirex noctilio

wood boring wasp, Sirex wasp

Spur cherry agent (Bing spur virus, cherry compact virus)

spur cherry agent

Strawberry latent ringspot virus SLRV

strawberry latent ringspot virus

Striga spp.


Synchytrium endobioticum

potato wart disease

Teia anartoides

painted apple moth

Tetranychus truncatus

spider mite

Tetranychus viennensis

hawthorn spider mite

Tetropium castaneum

boring beetle

Tetropium fuscum

brown spruce longhorn beetle

Theba pisana

white garden snail

Thecaphora solani

potato smut

Tilletia controversa syn. T. contraversa

dwarf bunt of wheat

Tilletia indica

karnal bunt

Tobacco rattle virus

tobacco rattle virus

Tobacco ringspot virus (potato calico strain) TBRSV-CA

tobacco ringspot virus (potato calico strain)

Tobacco ringspot virus TbRSV

tobacco ringspot virus

Tomato black ring virus TBRV

tomato black ring virus

Tomato black ring virus beet ringspot strain

tomato black ring virus beet ringspot strain

Tomato bushy stunt virus TBSV

tomato bushy stunt virus

Tomato ringspot virus TomRV

apple union necrosis

Tomicus piniperda

European pine shoot beetle

Trichodorus spp.

stubby root nematode

Trichoferus campestris

boring beetle

Trogoderma granarium

khapra beetle

Urocystis agropyri

flag smut of wheat

Venturia nashicola

Asian pear scab


Flavescence dorée, bois noir

Viteus vitifoliae

grapevine phylloxera

Xanthomonas ampelina syn. Xylophilus ampelinus

grapevine bacterial blight

Xanthomonas campestris pv. cannabis

leaf spot of hemp

Xanthomonas populi

bacterial canker of poplar

Xiphinema spp.

dagger nematode

Xylella fastidiosa (= Pierce's disease bacterium, Prunus phony disease)

phony disease of peach

Xylophilus (= Xanthomonas) ampelinus (ampelina)

grapevine bacterial blight

Yponomeuta malinellus

apple ermine moth

Last reviewed: