Forest Products Export Standards – Phytosanitary Requirements of United States of America

Disclaimer

The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry for Primary Industries, its statutory officers, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval or publication of the information:

  1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
  2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.

Last Updated: 10 January 2013

Commodities

Logs (All Species)

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit required.
Certification Requirements Importer document (written declaration signed by importer) OR phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark No more than 2% of the surface in a shipping lot may retain bark, with no single log retaining bark on more than 5% of its surface.

Fumigated temperate hardwood logs do not need to be debarked.
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Logs must be heat treated unless exempted. See concessional release field below.

For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit (temperate hardwood logs only). If applicable, fumigation schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3 (3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above(≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69 °F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules)
Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3.
Antisapstain and Insecticide treatments  
Insecticide treatments

 

Heat treatments

Heat treated as specified on import permit. Specified schedule may be:

  • 71.1º C (160ºF) for 75 minutes at the core of the log. (T314-c)

 

Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release See "Logs(Alternative Option for Pinus radiata and Douglas fir ONLY)" for concessional terms and conditions for Pinus radiata and Pseudotsuga menziesii.

Temperate hardwood logs do not require heat treatment if they are fumigated prior to arrival in the U.S.A.

 

General During the entire interval between treatment and export, the logs must be stored and handled in a manner which excludes any access to the logs by plant pests.

Logs (Alternative Option for Pinus radiata and Douglas fir ONLY)

Import Permits or Declarations Import Permit Required

Additional declarations as stated on import permit. If applicable additional declarations required are:
  • "The logs are from healthy trees which are apparently free of plant pests, plant pest damage, and decay organisms."
AND
  • "The logs were debarked in accordance with section 7, part 319.40-7(b) of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations prior to fumigation."
AND
  • "The logs and any regulated wood packaging material used with the logs during shipment to the United States was fumigated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations within 45 days following the date the trees were felled and prior to arrival in the United States. Fumigation was conducted in the same sealable container or hold in which the logs and regulated wood packaging material were exported to the United States."
AND EITHER
  • "During shipment to the United States the logs and other regulated articles were in separate holds or separate sealed containers."
OR
  • "The logs that are in a hold or sealed container are mixed with other regulated articles that have been fumigated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations prior to arrival in the United States. Fumigation was conducted in the same sealable container or hold in which the logs and other regulated articles were exported to the United States."
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark No more than 2% of the surface in a shipping lot may retain bark, with no single log retaining bark on more than 5% of its surface.
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Fumigation required. For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit. If applicable, fumigation schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3 (3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above(≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69 °F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules)
Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3

Fumigation must be within 45 days following the date the trees were felled. Fumigation must be conducted in the same sealable container or hold in which the logs are exported.
Antisapstain treatments -
Heat treatments

-

 

Preservative treatments -
Concessional Release Conditions stated are concessional. See "Logs (All Species)" for non-concession terms and conditions.
General The logs must be:
  • Consigned to a facility that operates in accordance with section 7, part 319.40-8 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, and transported to the facility from the port of first arrival by as direct a route as reasonably possible,
  • Segregated from other regulated forest products from the time of discharge until they are completely processed at a facility that operates under a compliance agreement in accordance with section 7, part 319.40-8 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations ,
Special requirements at the processing facility are detailed in section 7, part 319.40-5(b)(iii) of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations .

Wood/ Timber - Sawn (All Species)

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit required.

Additional declarations as specified on import permit. If applicable an additional declaration is required for railway sleepers that have not been heat treated:
  • "The cross-ties will be pressure treated with a preservative within 30 days following the date of importation at a U.S. facility under compliance agreement."
Certification Requirements Importer document (written declaration signed by importer) OR phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark No more than 2% of the surface in a shipping lot may retain bark, with no single piece retaining bark on more than 5% of its surface.
Untreated green sawn or air dried timber (including railway sleepers that haven't been heat treated) must be 100% free of bark.
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Timber must be heat treated unless the timber is
  • Railway sleepers consigned to a U.S. facility operating under compliance agreement at which they will be pressure treated with a preservative within 30 days following the date of importation,
OR
  • Fumigated temperate hardwood timber
OR For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit (Temperate hardwood timber only). If applicable, fumigation (T404-b-1-1) schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3(3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above (≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69°F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules) Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3.
Antisapstain and

 

 

Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat treated as specified on import permit. Specified schedule may be:
  • 71.1º C (160ºF) for 75 minutes at the core of the timber. (T314-c)

Kiln sterilised as specified on import permit. Specified schedules may be:

  • 60°C (140°F) dry bulb temp, 3.9°C wet bulb depression, 82% RH, 13.8% mc for 3, 5 or 7 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm and 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 54.5°C (130°F) dry bulb temp, 8.9°C wet bulb depression, 60% RH, 9.4% mc for 10, 12 or 14 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 52°C (125°F) dry bulb temp, 8.4°C wet bulb depression, 61% RH, 9.7% mc for 46, 48 or 50 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
Heat treated timber may be shipped with other untreated regulated forest products if stowed in separate holds or sealed containers or if the regulated forest products have been treated or heat treated with moisture reduction in accordance with section 7, part 305-8 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations .
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release See "Wood/ Timber - Sawn (Alternative Option for Pinus radiata and Douglas fir ONLY)" field for concessional conditions for Pinus radiata and Pseudotsuga mensiesii.
General  

Wood/ Timber - Sawn (Alternative Option for Pinus radiata and Douglas Fir ONLY)

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit required.
Certification Requirements Importer document (written declaration signed by importer) OR phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark 100% free of bark unless fumigated. If fumigated no more than 2% of the surface in a shipping lot may retain bark, with no single piece retaining bark on more than 5% of its surface.
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Treatment NOT required unless shipped on the same vessel as other regulated forest products that are not stowed in separate holds or sealed containers.

Un-segregated shipments of timber and other regulated forest products (other than wood packaging) must be fumigated.

For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit. If applicable, fumigation schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3 (3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above (≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69°F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules)
Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3.

Fumigation must be in the same sealable container or hold in which product is exported to the United States.
Antisapstain treatments and Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Conditions stated are concessional. See "Wood/ Timber - Sawn (All Species)" for non-concession terms and conditions.
General Timber on the vessel's deck must be in a sealed container.

Wood/ Timber - Chips

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit required

Additional declarations as stated on import permit. If applicable additional declarations required are:
  • Wood chips or wood mulch "has been fumigated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations",
OR
  • Wood chips or wood mulch "has been heat treated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations",
OR
  • Wood chips or wood mulch "has been heat treated with moisture reduction in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations".
Certification Requirements Importer document (written declaration signed by importer) OR phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Logs must be debarked before being chipped. Bark may not be present on more than 2% of the surface area in a lot, and 5% of any single wood chip.
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Must be fumigated or heat treated.

For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit. If applicable, fumigation schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3 (3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above (≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69 °F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules)
Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3.
Antisapstain and Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Kiln sterilised as specified on import permit. Specified schedules may be:
  • 60°C (140°F) dry bulb temp, 3.9°C wet bulb depression, 82% RH, 13.8% mc for 3, 5 or 7 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm and 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 54.5°C (130°F) dry bulb temp, 8.9°C wet bulb depression, 60% RH, 9.4% mc for 10, 12 or 14 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 52°C (125°F) dry bulb temp, 8.4°C wet bulb depression, 61% RH, 9.7% mc for 46, 48 or 50 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Dry wood wool, dry sawdust and dry wood shavings, whether in use as packaging or imported as cargo, are permitted to be imported subject to inspection.
General
Wood chips (excluding wood mulch) must be:
  • Shipped in separate holds or separate sealed containers to other regulated forest products (other than wood packaging) or if stowed on the vessel's deck.
  • Consigned to a facility in the U.S.A that operates under a compliance agreement in accordance with section 7, part 319.40-8 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  where they must be processed in a manner that will destroy any plant pests within 30 days of arrival at the facility.

Wood Products - Reconstituted/ Plywood/LVL/ Veneer

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate NOT required
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection NOT required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation

 

Antisapstain and Insecticide treatments

 

Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand
General

 

Wood Products - Manufactured

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Phytosanitary certificate NOT required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil Free of soil.
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection NOT required.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation  
Antisapstain treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments  
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release None specified for New Zealand
General  

Wood Products - Packaging

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit NOT required.
Certification Requirements Wood packaging material and dunnage must be marked in accordance with ISPM 15.
Phytosanitary certificate NOT required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark Wood packaging material and dunnage must be made of debarked wood in accordance with ISPM 15.
Insects

Free of insects of the families:

Cerambycidae (Long horn beetles),
Buprestidae (Jewel beetles),
Siricidae (Sirex wood-wasps),
Cossidae (Carpenter moths),
Curculionidae (Weevils),
Platypodidae (Ambrosia beetles),
Sesiidae (Clear-wing moths),
Scolytidae (Bark beetles).

Fungi  
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections  
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments  
Fumigation Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Antisapstain and Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Wood packaging material and dunnage must be treated in accordance with ISPM 15.
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release Dry wood wool, dry sawdust and dry wood shavings, whether in use as packaging or imported as cargo, are permitted to be imported subject to inspection.
General Wood packaging made from Pinus radiata or Pseudotsuga menziesii exported as cargo may enter the United States under the same conditions as "Wood/ Timber - Sawn (Alternative Option for Pinus radiata and Douglas fir ONLY)"

ISPM 15 marked wood packaging found with live insects from the families Cerambycidae, Buprestidae, Siricidae, Cossidae, Curculionidae, Platypodidae, Sesiidae, or Scolytidae will be re-exported at the importers expense.

Bark

Import Permits or Declarations Import permit required

Additional declarations as stated on import permit. If applicable additional declarations required are:
  • Bark chips "have been fumigated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations",
OR
  • Bark chips "have been heat treated in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations",
OR
  • Bark chips "have been heat treated with moisture reduction in accordance with section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations".
Certification Requirements Importer document (written declaration signed by importer) OR phytosanitary certificate required.
Prohibited Importations  
Bark  
Insects Free of Quarantine Pests.
Fungi Free of Quarantine Pests.
Soil  
Other  
Pre-Shipment Inspections Verification inspection required if a phytosanitary certificate is to be issued.
Approved Pre-Shipment Treatments Must be fumigated or heat treated.

For further information regarding treatments see section 7, part 305 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations  and the PPQ Treatment Manual .
Fumigation Fumigated as specified on import permit. If applicable, fumigation schedules are:
  • Methyl bromide; 48g/m3 (3lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 21°C or above (≥70°F) with minimum concentrations: 36g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 30g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 27g/m3 at 4 hrs and 25g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide; 80g/m3 (5lb/1000ft3) for temperatures 4.5 to 21°C (40 to 69°F ) with minimum concentrations: 60g/m3 at 0.5hrs (1hr for closed-door container fumigations), 51g/m3 at 2 hours (2.5hrs for closed-door container fumigations), 46g/m3 at 4 hrs and 42g/m3 at 16 hrs. (T404-b-1-1)
  • Methyl bromide;120g/m3 at minimum temperature of 5°C for 16hrs. (alternative to T404 schedules)
  • Figures in g/m3 can also be read as oz/1000ft3.
Antisapstain and Insecticide treatments  
Insecticide treatments  
Heat treatments Heat treated as specified on import permit. Specified schedules may be:
  • 60°C (140°F) dry bulb temp, 3.9°C wet bulb depression, 82% RH, 13.8% mc for 3, 5 or 7 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm and 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 54.5°C (130°F) dry bulb temp, 8.9°C wet bulb depression, 60% RH, 9.4% mc for 10, 12 or 14 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
  • 52°C (125°F) dry bulb temp, 8.4°C wet bulb depression, 61% RH, 9.7% mc for 46, 48 or 50 hrs for timber of 25mm, 50mm or 76mm thickness respectively. (T404-b-4)
Preservative treatments  
Concessional Release  
General Bark chips must be:
  • Shipped in separate holds or separate sealed containers to other regulated forest products (other than wood packaging) or if stowed on the vessel's deck.
  • Consigned to a facility in the U.S.A that operates under a compliance agreement in accordance with section 7, part 319.40-8 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations where they must be processed in a manner that will destroy any plant pests within 30 days of arrival at the facility.

Quarantine Pests

For a list of quarantine pests see Appendix 1 below.

The scientific name and classification used is checked for accuracy against the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) Global database:

Note the scientific name remains as the definitive name. In addition, MPI will also include synonyms specified by the importing country for use on additional declarations.

Quarantine pests for USA include organisms specified in Appendix 1 of this ICPR, additional declarations and/or import permit and categorised pest list (identified as actionable) refer to the USA commodity pest list:

Note: The pest listed in Appendix 1 represents well-documented organisms of greatest risk to the United States and is not an all-inclusive list of actionable pests. APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) may take quarantine action on organisms within the following higher taxa (url below) whether or not they are included on the pest list.

The noxious weeds listed in Appendix 1 are prohibited from entry to the United States unless a written import permit has been issued.

Weed seeds – USA Federal noxious weed seeds are prohibited except under plant pest permit.

Also, USDA has listed some pests that are considered no longer regulated and have been re-categorized under the Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary (FRSMP) Program as non-actionable at U.S. ports of entry. However, some pests will remain actionable at certain ports of entry in Hawaii, Puerto Rico or the U.S. territories of Guam, the US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Federated States of Micronesia, Midway Islands, Northern Marianas Islands, Republic of Palau, and Republic of the Marshall Islands.

Weed Seed (with tolerances)

The following noxious weed seeds are allowed entry only when meeting the tolerances outlined in Table 1 of Seed sampling and tolerances for Seeds, Grains & Nuts for Sowing.

If fewer than two seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn may enter the USA without further sampling. If two seeds are found in an initial examination, a second sample must be examined. If two or fewer seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn may enter the USA. If three or more seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn will be rejected. If three or more seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn will be rejected.

  • Acroptilon repens syn. Centaurea repens syn. Centaurea picris
  • Cardaria draba
  • Cardaria pubescens
  • Convolvulus arvensis
  • Cirsium arvense
  • Elytrigia repens syn. Agropyron repens
  • Euphorbia esula
  • Sonchus arvensis
  • Sorghum halepense

MPI specified Maximum Pest Limits

Please note; for all commodities exported to the USA requiring MPI phytosanitary certificates, the following levels have been set by MPI to facilitate exports while still meeting the importing country’s minimum requirements for specified quarantine pests and soil.

Quarantine pests* specified by USA 0.5%
Soil (for all plant products excluding seed for sowing) 25g/600unit
Soil (seed for sowing)         0.1% by weight

*Quarantine pests for United States of America include organisms identified within:

Appendix 1: Quarantine pest lists

Expand All
Insects

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Insects

Coleoptera (beetles and weevils)

Bruchidae

Pachymerus nucleorum1

 

 

 

Cerambycidae

Anoplophora glabripennis

Asian long-horned beetle, basicosta white-spotted longicorn beetle, starry sky beetle

 

 

 

Phoracantha recurva1

yellow eucalyptus longicorn

 

 

Chrysomelidae

Exosoma lusitánica syn. Exora lusitanica

 

 

 

 

Trachymela sloanei1

Australian tortoise beetle

 

 

Curculionidae

Brachycerus spp.

 

 

 

 

Conotrachelus aguacatae

avocado weevil

 

 

 

Conotrachelus spp.

 

 

 

 

Copturus aguacatae

 

 

 

 

Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

mango nut weevil, mango weevil

 

 

 

Curculio elephas

chestnut weevil

 

 

 

Curculio nucum

hazelnut weevil

 

 

 

Elytroteinus subtruncatus

Fiji ginger weevil, Fiji lemon weevil

 

 

 

Euscepes postfasciatus

scarabee weevil, sweet potato weevil, West Indian sweet-potato weevil

 

 

 

Heilipus lauri

avocado seed weevil, avocado weevil

 

 

 

Listroderes subcinctus

 

 

 

 

Megalometis chilensis

 

 

 

 

Metamasius callizona1

 

 

 

 

Metamasius spp.

weevil

 

 

 

Naupactus xanthographus

South American fruit tree weevil

 

 

 

Polytus mellerborgii1

small banana weevil

 

 

 

Rhabdoscelus obscurus

grape curculio

 

 

 

Sternochetus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

 

 

 

Dermestidae

Trogoderma granarium

khapra beetle

 

 

Elateridae

Conoderus rufangulus

 

 

 

Scarabaeidae

Adoretus sinicus

Chinese rose beetle

 

 

 

Adoretus spp.

 

 

 

 

Anomala sulcatula

 

 

 

 

Holotrichia mindanaona

 

 

 

 

Phyllophaga spp.syn. Phytalus spp.

 

 

 

 

Popillia japonica

 

 

 

Scolytidae

Dactylotrypes longicollis1

 

 

 

 

Hylurgus ligniperda1

golden-haired bark beetle

 

 

 

Hypothenemus hampei syn. Stephanoderes hampei syn. Stephanoderes coffeae

coffee berry borer, coffee seed borer

 

 

 

Tomicus piniperda1

Japanese pine engraver, larger pith borer, pine shoot beetle

 

 

 

Stephanoderes hampei syn. Hypothenemus hampei

coffee berry borer, coffee seed borer

 

 

 

Xyleborus spp.

 

 

Collembola (springtails)

Sminthuridae

Sminthurus viridus

lucerne flea

 

Diptera (flies)

Cecidomyiidae

Prodiplosis longifila1

bud midge, citrus gall midge

 

 

Tephritidae

Anastrepha fraterculus

South American fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha grandis

South American fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha ludens

Mexican fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha obliqua syn. Anastrepha mombinpraeoptans

Antilean fruit fly; West Indian fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha serpentina

Orange fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha striata

guava fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha suspensa

Fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera cucurbitae syn. Dacus cucurbitae

melon fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera dorsalis syn. Dacus dorsalis

oriental fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera tryoni syn. Dacus tryoni

Queensland fruit fly

 

 

 

Ceratitis capitata

 

 

 

 

Ceratitis spp.

 

 

 

 

Pterandrus spp.

 

 

 

 

Toxotrypana curvicauda

papaya fruit fly

 

Hemiptera (aphids, scale and other bugs)

Aleyrodidae

Aleurocanthus spiniferus

citrus mealywing, citrus spiny whitefly, spiny blackfly

 

 

 

Aleyrodes proletella1   syn. Aleurodes proletella

cabbage whitefly

 

 

 

Neomaskellia bergii

 

 

 

 

Parabemisia myricae1

Japanese bayberry whitefly, myrica whitefly

 

 

 

Paraleyrodes bondari1

 

 

 

 

Singhiella simplex1

ficus whitefly, fig whitefly

 

 

Alydidae

Leptocorisa acuta

Asian rice bug, paddy bug, paddy fly

 

 

Aphalaridae

Ctenarytaina spatulata1

eucalyptus psyllid

 

 

Aphididae

Greenidea psidii1

 

 

 

 

Rhopalosiphum insertum1

apple-grass aphid, oat-apple aphid

 

 

Coccidae

Ceroplastes (formerly Vinsonia stellifera)1

glassy star scale, glossy scale

 

 

 

Ceroplastes sinensis1

Chinese wax scale

 

 

 

Coccus capparidis1

 

 

 

 

Philephedra lutea1

soft scale

 

 

Coreidae

Leptoglossus chilensis

 

 

 

Diaspididae

Acutaspis albopicta

 

 

 

 

Acutaspis aliena1

 

 

 

 

Acutaspis scutiformis1

 

 

 

 

Andaspis punicae1

 

 

 

 

Duplachionaspis divergens1

 

 

 

 

Fiorinia pinicola1

 

 

 

 

Furcaspis oceanica

 

 

 

Flatidae

Siphanta acuta1

 

 

 

Lygaeidae

Dieuches armatipes1

 

 

 

 

Nysius huttoni

wheat bug

 

 

Margaroridae

Icerya aegyptiaca

Egyptian fluted scale, Egyptian mealybug

 

 

Pentatomidae

Bagrada hilaris2

bagrada bug, painted bug

 

 

 

Oebalus insulares1 syn. Solubea insularis

 

 

 

Pseudococcidae

Ferrisia malvastra1

 

 

 

 

Palmicultor palmarum1

palm mealy bug

 

 

 

Phenococcus manihoti

 

 

 

 

Puto mexicanus1

 

 

 

Triozidae

Bactericera cockerelli

potato psyllid, tomato psyllid

 

Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants)

Apidae

Apis mellifera capensis

Cape bee, Cape honey bee

 

 

 

Apis mellifera scuttellata syn. Apis mellifera andansonii

African honey bee

 

 

Chrysididae

Chrysis spp.

 

 

 

Cynipidae

Dryocosmus kuriphilus

chestnut gall wasp, oriental chestnut gall wasp

 

 

Eulophidae

Quadrastichus erythrinae1

erythrina gall wasp

 

 

Formicidae

Solenopsis invicta

red imported fire ant

 

 

 

Solenopsis richteri

black imported fire ant

 

 

 

Solenopsis richteri X Solenopsis invicta hybrid

 

 

 

Megachilidae

Coelioxys spp.

 

 

Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies)

Carposinidae

Carposina niponensis

Peach fruit moth

 

 

Cossidae

Dyspessa ulula

garlic borer, garlic moth, onion carpenter worm

 

 

Crambidae

Chilo suppressalis

Asiatic rice borer, pale-headed striped borer, purple-lined borer

 

 

 

Conogethes punctiferalis

castor seed caterpillar, corn moth, peach pyralid

 

 

 

Maruca vitrata syn. Marcua testulalis

bean pod borer, lima bean pod borer, mung moth

 

 

 

Omphisa anastomosalis

sweet potato stem borer, sweet potato vine borer

 

 

 

Parapoynx diminutalis1

 

 

 

Gelechiidae

Pectinophora gossypiella

Pink cotton; Boll-worm

 

 

 

Pectinophora scutigera

pink-spotted bollworm, Queensland pink bollworm

 

 

Geometridae

Hemithea aestivaria1

emerald

 

 

Gracillariidae

Conopomorpha cramerella syn. Acrocercops cramella

 

 

 

Hyblaeidae

Hyblaea puera1

teak leaf defoliator

 

 

Lycaenidae

Lampides boeticus

long-tailed blue, lucerne blue butterfly, pea blue butterfly

 

 

Lymantriidae

Lymantria dispar

gypsy moth

 

 

Lyonetiidae

Leucoptera malifoliella

pear leaf blister moth, pear leaf miner

 

 

Noctuidae

Earias fabia

 

 

 

 

Prodenia litura

cluster caterpillar, cotton leafworm, cotton worm

 

 

Oecophoridae

Promalactis suzukiella1

 

 

 

 

Stenoma catenifer

avocado seed moth

 

 

Plutellidae

Acrolepiopsis assectella

leek moth

 

 

Tineidae

Opogona sacchari1

banana moth, sugarcane borer, sugarcane moth

 

 

Tortricidae

Adoxophyes orana

reticulated tortrix, smaller tea tortrix, summer fruit tortrix

 

 

 

Argyrotaenia pulchellana syn. Argyrotaenia ljungiana

grape tortrix moth, grey red-barred tortrix

 

 

 

Capua tortrix

 

 

 

 

Cryptophlebia leucotreta

citrus codling moth, false codling moth, orange codling moth

 

 

 

Cydia funebrana

plum fruit moth, plum fruit moth, red plum maggot

 

 

 

Cydia splendana syn. Laspeyresia splendana

 

 

 

 

Epiphyas postvittana

brownheaded leafroller

 

 

 

Hemimene juliana

chestnut leaf roller

 

 

 

Laspeyresia spp.

 

 

 

 

Lobesia botrana

European grapevine moth, grape berry moth, grape fruit moth

 

 

 

Pammene fasciana

chestnut leaf roller

 

 

 

Proeulia spp.

 

 

 

Yponomeutidae

Prays endocarpa

citrus rind borer

 

Prostigmata

Eriophyidae

Cosetacus camelliae1

 

 

Thysanoptera (thrips)

Phaleopthripidae

Haplothrips chinensis

 

 

 

Thripidae

Thrips obscuratus

New Zealand flower thrips

Arachnids
mites

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Arachnids (mites)

Acarida

Acarapidae

Acarapis woodi

 

 

 

Eriophyidae

Eriophyes gossypii syn. Acalitus gossypii

cotton blister mite, cotton leaf blister mite

 

 

 

Eriophyes litchii syn. Acalitus litchii

litchi mite

 

 

 

Euvarroa sinhai syn. Varroa sinhai

 

 

 

Laelapidae

Tropilaelaps clareae

 

 

 

Penthaleidae

Penthaleus major1

blue oat mite, grain spider mite, pea mite

 

 

Tenuipalpidae

Brevipalpus chilensis

 

 

 

Tetranychidae

Amphitetranychus viennensis syn. Tetranychus viennensis

hawthorn spider mite, sweet-cherry spider mite

 

 

 

Mononychellus tanajoa

cassava green mite, cassava mite

 

 

Varroidae

Varroa jacobsoni

 

Nematodes
round worms

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Nematodes (round worms)

Tylenchida

Criconematidae

Hemicycliophora typica

 

 

 

Heteroderidae

Heterodera cruciferae

Crucifer cyst nematode

 

 

 

Globodera pallida

White cyst nematode

 

 

 

Globodera rostochiensis syn. Heterodera rostochiensis

Golden cyst nematode

 

 

Scutellonema

Scutellonema bradys

lesion nematode, yam nematode

Bacterial diseases

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Bacterial diseases

Acholeplasmatales

Acholeplasmataceae

Grapevine yellows disease bacterium

 

 

Bacillales

Paenibacillaceae

Bacillus spp. (associated with beekeeping and honey production)

 

 

Enterobacteriales

Enterobacteriaceae

Erwinia salicis

vascular wilt of willow, watermark disease of willow

 

Pseudomonadales

Pseudomonadaceae

Pseudomonas lignicola

bacterial stain

 

Rhizobiales

Phyllobacteriaceae

Liberibacter africanus

greening of citrus

 

 

 

Liberibacter asiaticus

blotchy mottle disease of citrus

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

Grapevine infectious necrosis bacterium

 

 

 

 

Potato leaflet stunt

 

 

 

 

Wheat yellowing stripe bacterium

 

 

Xanthomonadales

Xanthomonadaceae

Xanthomonas acernea

bacterial blight of anthurium, bacterial blight of aroids, tip burn of philodendron

 

 

 

Xanthomonas ampelina

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

Asiatic canker, Asiatic citrus canker (A strains), bacterial canker of citrus

 

 

 

Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzicola

bacterial leaf streak of rice, bLS

 

 

 

Xanthomonas campestris pv vasculorum syn. Xanthomonas vasculorum

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv.aurantifolii

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas manihotis

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas populi

 

Phytoplasma

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Phytoplasma

Acholeplasmatales

Acholeplasmataceae

Apple proliferation

 

 

 

 

Australian grapevine yellows

AUSGY, Australian grapevine yellows, Australian yellows of grapevine

 

 

 

Phytoplasma solani

Black wood

 

 

 

European aster yellows

 

 

 

 

European stone fruit yellows syn. Apricot chlorotic leaf roll

 

 

 

 

Flavescence-doree

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein yellows and leaf roll

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vergelbungskrankheit

 

 

 

 

Groundnut witches broom

 

 

 

 

Phytoplasma asteris

Mulberry dwarf

 

 

 

Parastolbur

 

 

 

 

Potato marginal flavescence

 

 

 

 

Potato purple top roll

 

 

 

 

Potato witches broom (European and Asian pathogens)

 

 

 

 

Rice yellow dwarf

 

 

 

 

Rubus stunt

 

 

 

 

Stolbur

 

 

 

 

Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma

 

 

 

 

Sweetpotato witches broom (little leaf)

 

Viral diseases

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus name

Species name

Viral diseases

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Cytorhabdovirus

Barley yellow striate mosaic virus

 

 

 

Cytorhabdovirus

Northern cereal mosaic virus

 

 

 

Nucleorhabdovirus

Cereal chlorotic mosaic virus

 

 

 

Nucleorhabdovirus

Iranian maize mosaic virus

 

 

 

Rhabdovirus

Alfalfa enation virus

 

Picornavirales

Dicistroviridae

Cripavirus

Kashmir virus (associated with honeybees)

 

 

Secoviridae

Comovirus

Andean potato mottle virus

 

 

 

Cheravirus

Arracacha Virus B

 

 

 

Comovirus

Red clover mottle virus

 

 

 

Nepovirus

Arabis mosaic virus and its strains

 

 

 

Nepovirus

Artichoke Italian latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa necrosis virus

 

 

 

 

Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus

 

 

 

 

Grapevine Tunisian ringspot virus

 

 

 

 

Hungarian chrome mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Potato virus U

 

 

 

 

Raspberry ringspot virus and its strains

 

 

 

 

Tobacco ringspot virus (Andean potato calico strain)

 

 

 

 

Tomato blackring virus and its strains

 

 

 

Sadwavirus

Lucerne Australian symptomless virus

 

 

 

Torradovirus

Tomato torrado virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Strawberry latent ringspot virus and its stains

 

Tymovirales

Alphaflexiviridae

Potexvirus

Cassava common mosaic virus

 

 

Betaflexiviridae

Carlavirus

Cowpea mild mottle virus

 

 

 

Tepovirus

Potato virus T

 

 

 

Trichovirus

Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus

 

 

Tymoviridae

Tymovirus

Andean potato latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Dulcamara mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Okra mosaic virus

 

Unassigned

Bromoviridae

Ilarvirus

Elm mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Potato yellowing virus

 

 

Bunyaviridae

Tospovirus

Groundnut chlorotic leaf streak virus

 

 

Caulimoviridae

Badnavirus

Banana streak virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa mottle leaf virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa swollen shoot virus

 

 

 

Tungrovirus

Rice tungro virus

 

 

Closteroviridae

Ampelovirus

Plum bark split virus

 

 

 

Crinivirus

Potato yellow vein virus

 

 

 

Clostrovirus

Wheat yellow leaf virus

 

 

Comoviridae

Nepovirus

Black currant reversion virus

 

 

 

 

Lucerne vein yellowing virus

 

 

Geminiviridae

Begomovirus

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Cassava African mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Cassava latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cotton leaf curl virus

 

 

 

 

Horsegram yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Tomato severe leaf curl virus

 

 

 

Mastrevirus

Maize streak virus

 

 

Luteoviridae

Unassigned

Indonesian soybean dwarf virus

 

 

Potyviridae

Bymovirus

Barley yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

Ipomovirus

Cassava brown streak virus

 

 

 

Potyvirus

Azuki bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Datura Colombian virus

 

 

 

 

Datura distortion virus

 

 

 

 

Datura enation mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Lima bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Mung bean yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Plum pox virus syn. Sharka virus

 

 

 

 

Potato virus V

 

 

 

 

Potato virus Y, tobacco veinal necrosis strain

 

 

 

Tritimovirus

Brome streak mosaic virus

 

 

Reorviridae

Fijivirus

Maize rough dwarf virus

 

 

 

 

Oat sterile dwarf virus

 

 

 

Oryzavirus

Echinochloa ragged stunt virus

 

 

 

Phytoreovirus

Rice dwarf virus

 

 

 

 

Rice gall dwarf virus

 

 

Tombusviridae

Panicovirus

Cocksfoot mild mosaic virus

 

 

 

Tombusvirus

Grapevine Algerian latent virus

 

 

 

Umbavirus

Groundnut rosette viruses

 

 

Unassigned

Sobemovirus

Cynosurus mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Rice yellow mottle virus

 

 

 

Tenuivirus

European wheat striate mosaic virus

 

 

 

Tenuivirus

Rice wilted stunt virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Cynodon chlorotic streak virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

French bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Groundnut chlorotic spotting virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Maize mottle/chlorotic stunt virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Oat red streak mosaic virus

 

 

Virgaviridae

Pecluvirus

Indian peanut clump virus

 

 

 

 

Peanut clump virus

 

 

 

Pomovirus

Potato mop top virus

Agents

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Agents

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Nepovirus

Grapevine Bratislava mosaic agent

 

Tymovirales

Betaflexiviridae

Carlavirus

Euonymus mosaic agents

 

 

 

Trichovirus

Quince sooty ringspot agent

 

 

 

 

Quince stunt agent

 

 

 

 

Quince yellow blotch agent

 

 

Tymoviridae

Maculavirus

Grapevine chasselas latent agent

 

 

 

Tymovirus

Okra mosaic agents

 

Unassigned

Bromoviridae

Ilarvirus

Chlorotic ringspot agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

 

 

Geminiviridae

Begomovirus

Hibiscus leaf curl agent

 

 

Pospiviroidae

Apscaviroid

Pear blister canker viroid

 

 

 

Cocaviroid

Coconut cadang-cadang viroid

 

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

African soybean dwarf agent

 

 

 

 

Apple ringspot agent

 

 

 

 

Cherry rusty mottle (European) agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton anthocyanosis agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton small leaf agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton virescence

 

 

 

 

Grapevine little leaf agent

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein necrosis agent

 

 

 

 

Horsechestnut variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Horsechestnut yellow mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Jasmine variegation agents

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum mosaic agents

 

 

 

 

Maple mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Maple variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Mountain ash ringspot mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Mountain ash variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Mulberry mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Okra yellow leaf curl agent

 

 

 

 

Pear bud drop agent

 

 

 

 

Phyllody agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

 

 

 

 

Rose wilt agent

 

 

 

 

Sampaguita yellow ringspot mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Yellow ring mosaic agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

Fungal disease

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Fungal disease

Agaricales

Tricholomataceae

Crinipellis perniciosa

witches' broom of cocoa

 

 

 

Moniliophthora rorei syn. Monilia roreri

frosty pod rot of cocoa, pod rot of cocoa, quevedo disease

 

Botryosphaeriales

Phyllostictaceae

Guignardia piricola

Black rot

 

Capnodiales

Mycosphaerellaceae

Cercospora batatae

Blight

 

 

 

Septoria melanosa

blight of tomato, leaf spot of tomato

 

Ceratobasidiales

Ceratobasidiaceae

Oncobasidum theobromae

Vascular streak dieback (VSD)

 

Chaetothyriales

Herpotriachiellaceae

Phialophora cinerescens syn. Verticillium cinerescens

wilt of carnation

 

Chytridiales

Synchtriaceae

Synchytrium endobioticum

black scab of potato, black wart of potato, wart disease of potato

 

Diaporthales

Diaporthaceae

Diaporthe mali

bark canker of pome fruit, dieback of conifers, rough bark of apple

 

Dothideales

Unassigned

Stigmina deflectens

needle cast of juniper

 

Entomophthorales

Entomophthoraceae

Entomophthora spp.

 

 

Georgefischeriales

Eballistraceae

Entyloma oryzae syn. Eballistra oryzae

leaf smut of rice, leaf spot of rice

 

Helotiales

Hyaloscyphaceae

Lachnellula willkommii

stem canker of larch

 

 

Sclerotiniaceae

Monilinia fructigena

blossom blight of fruit trees, brown rot of fruits, spur canker of fruit trees

 

 

Phacidiaceae

Phacidiopycnis pseudotsuga

bark canker of conifers, twig dieback of conifers

 

 

Dermateaceae

Pseudopezicula tracheiphila syn. Pseudopeziza tracheiphila

red fire disease of grapevine, rotbrenner disease of grapevine

 

 

 

Rhacodiella vitis

spotted necrosis of grapevine

 

Hypocreales

Cordycipitaceae

Beauveria spp.

 

 

 

 

Cordyceps spp.

 

 

 

Nectriaceae

Fusarium fuliginosporum

 

 

Microascales

Ceratocystidaceae

Ceratocystis fimbriata, cocoa isolates

black rot of sweet potato, blight of mango, canker of coffee

 

Myriangiales

Elsinoaceae

Elsinoe australis

scab of sweet orange

 

 

Elsinoaceae

Elsinoe batatas

 

 

Peronosporales

Peronosporaceae

Peronosclerospora maydis syn. Peronospora maydis

downy mildew of maize

 

 

 

Peronosclerospora sacchari syn. Sclerospora sacchari

Sugarcane downy mildew

 

 

 

Peronospora digitalis1

 

 

 

 

Phytophthora alni

ink disease of chestnut

 

 

 

Phytophthora fragariae (foreign strains)

lanarkshire disease of strawberry, red core of strawberry, red stele of strawberry

 

Pleosporales

Melanommataceae

Melanomma glumarum

glume blotch of rice

 

 

Phaeosphaeriaceae

Phaeosphaeria maydis1

phaeosphaeria leaf spot of maize

 

Pucciniales

Chaconiaceae

Hemileia vastatrix

 

 

 

Coleosporiaceae

Chrysomyxa abietis

needle rust of fir, needle rust of spruce

 

 

 

Chrysomyxa himalensis

needle rust of spruce, rust: spruce

 

 

 

Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri

 

 

 

Cronortiaceae

Cronartium flaccidium

blister rust of Scots pine, resin canker of pine

 

 

Pileolariaceae

Uromycladium tepperianum

rust of acacia

 

 

Pucciniaceae

Gymnosporangium asiaticum

leaf rust of Japanese pear, leaf rust of juniper

 

 

 

Pucciania kuehnii1

orange rust of sugarcane, rust of sugarcane

 

 

 

Puccinia gladioli

rust of gladiolus

 

 

 

Puccinia horiana

 

 

 

 

Puccinia mccleanii

 

 

 

 

Uromyces gladioli syn. Urocystis gladiolicola

smut of gladiolus

 

 

 

Uromyces nyikensis

rust of gladiolus

 

 

 

Uromyces transversalis

rust of gladiolus

 

 

Pucciniastraceae

Pucciniastrum actinidae

rust of kiwi

 

 

 

Pucciniastrum areolatum

blister rust of pine, cherry/spruce rust

 

 

Unassigned

Aecidium hydrangeae-paniculatea

rust of hydrangea

 

 

 

Aecidium mori

red rust of mullberry

 

 

 

Uredo dioscoreae-alatae

rust of yam

 

 

 

Uredo gladioli-buettneri

rust of gladiolus

 

Pythiales

Pythiaceae

Trachysphaera fructigena

cigar-end disease of banana, fruit rot of banana, mealy pod of cocoa

 

Russulales

Stereaceae

Stereum hiugense

white rot

 

Tilletiales

Tilletiaceae

Tilletia indica syn. Neovossia indica

Indian bunt of wheat, karnal bunt of wheat, partial bunt of wheat

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

Oospora oryzetorum

 

 

Urocystidales

Urocystidaceae

Urocystis agropyri (foreign strains)

flag smut of grasses, flag smut of wheat

 

 

 

Urocystis tritici syn. Urocystis agropyri

flag smut of grasses, flag smut of wheat

 

Xylariales

Amphisphaeriaceae

Pestalotiopsis disseminata syn. Pestalotia disseminata

leaf spot of eucalyptus

 

 

Xyliaraceae

Rosellinia necratrix

White root rot; Grey rust

Aquatic weeds

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Aquatic Weeds

Alismatales

Hydrocharitaceae

Hydrilla verticillata

Florida elodea, Esthwaite waterweed

 

 

 

Lagarosiphon major

African elodea, coarse oxygen weed

 

 

 

Ottelia alismoides

duck lettuce, ottelia, water plantain

 

 

Alismataceae

Sagittaria sagittifolia

arrowhead, Old World arrowhead, water archer

 

Bryopsidales

Caulerpaceae

Caulerpa taxifolia

caulerpa, killer alga

 

Commelinales

Pontederiaceae

Eichhornia azurea

anchored water hyacinth, peacock hyacinth

 

 

 

Monochoria hastata

arrow-leaved monochoria

 

 

 

Monochoria vaginalis syn. Monochoria vaginalis var. pauciflora syn. Pontederia vaginalis

heartshape false pickerelweed, monochoria

 

Lamiales

Acanthaceae

Hygrophila polysperma

Indian swampweed, miramar weed, Indian hygrophila

 

Myrtales

Myrtaceae

Melaleuca quinquenervia syn. Melaleuca leucadendron

cajeput, paperbark tree, niaouli

 

Poales

Typhaceae

Sparganium erectum syn. Sparganium chlorocarpum

branched bur-reed, common bur-reed

 

Salviniales

Salviniaceae

Azolla pinnata

African azolla, feathered mosquito fern

 

 

 

Salvinia auriculata syn. Salvinia rotundifolia

eared salvinia

 

 

 

Salvinia biloba

 

 

 

 

Salvinia herzogii

 

 

 

 

Salvinia molesta

 

 

Solanales

Convulvolaceae

Ipomoea aquatica syn. Ipomoea reptans

swamp cabbage, potato vine, swamp morning glory

Terrestrial weeds

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Terrestrial Weeds

Apiales

Apiaceae

Heracleum mantegazzianum

cartwheel flower, giant cow parsnip, Siberian cow-parsnip

 

Asparagales

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Asphodelus fistulosus

onionweed, hollow-stemmed asphodel

 

Asterales

Asteraceae

Ageratina adenophora syn. Eupatorium adenophorum

Mexican devil

 

 

 

Carthamus oxyacanthus

carthamus, wild safflower

 

 

 

Crupina vulgaris

starry scabious, bearded creeper, common crupina

 

 

 

Mikania cordata

African mile-a-minute

 

 

 

Mikania micrantha

Mexican daisy, Mexican fleabane

 

 

 

Tridax procumbens

tridax daisy, coat buttons

 

Caryophyllales

Amaranthaceae

Achyranthes sessilis syn. Alternanthera glabra syn.Gomphrena sessilis

sessile alligator weed, sessile joyweed, sessile-flower globe amaranth

 

 

 

Alternanthera sessilis syn. Eupatorium glandulosum

sticky snakewort, Crofton weed, white thoroughwort

 

 

Caryophyllaceae

Drymaria arenarioides

lightning weed, sandwort drymary

 

 

Polygonaceae

Emex australis

Cape spinach, devil's thorn, southern three-corner jack

 

 

 

Emex spinosa syn. Rumex spinosus

Cape spinach, devil's thorn, southern three-corner jack

 

 

Cactaceae

Opuntia aurantiaca

jointed cactus, jointed prickly pear, tiger pear

 

 

Amaranthaceae

Salsola vermiculata

wormleaf salsola, Mediterranean saltwort

 

Commelinales

Commelinaceae

Commelina benghalensis

Bengal day flower, hairy wandering-jew, tropical spiderwort

 

Fabales

Fabaceae

Galega officinalis

common goat's rue, French lilac, goat's rue

 

 

 

Mimosa diplotricha syn. Mimosa invisa

giant sensitive plant

 

 

 

Mimosa pigra var. pigra

bushy sensitive plant, catclaw mimosa, thorny sensitive plant

 

 

 

Prosopis alpataco

alapataco, alpataco

 

 

 

Prosopis argentina

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis articulata

 

 

 

 

Prosopis burkartii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis caldenia

calden

 

 

 

Prosopis calingastana

 

 

 

 

Prosopis campestris

 

 

 

 

Prosopis castellanosii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis denudans

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis elata

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis farcta syn. Prosopis stephaniana

Syrian mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis ferox

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis fiebrigii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis hassleri

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis humilis

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis kuntzei

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis pallida syn. Prosopis limensis

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis palmeri

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis reptans var. reptans

 

 

 

 

Prosopis rojasiana

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis ruizlealii

 

 

 

 

Prosopis ruscifolia

 

 

 

 

Prosopis sericantha

albardon

 

 

 

Prosopis strombulifera

creeping mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis torquata

mesquite

 

Gentianales

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce alata syn. Borreria latifolia syn. Borreria alata

squareweed, broadleaf buttonweed

 

Lamiales

Plantaginaceae

Limnophila sessiliflora

limnophila

 

Myrtales

Melastomataceae

Melastoma malabathricum

Singapore rhododendron, Banks melastoma

 

Poales

Poaceae

Avena sterilis syn. Avena ludoviciana

winter wild oat

 

 

 

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Mackie's pest, pilipiliula

 

 

 

Digitaria abyssinica syn. Digitaria scalarum

 

 

 

 

Digitaria velutina syn. Phalaris velutina

 

 

 

 

Imperata brasiliensis

Brazilian satintail, housegrass, Brazilian satintail

 

 

 

Imperata cylindrica syn. Lagurus cylindricus

blady grass, cogongrass, lalang

 

 

 

Ischaemum rugosum

saramolla grass, winkle grass

 

 

 

Leptochloa chinensis

Asian sprangletop, Chinese sprangletop

 

 

 

Nassella trichotoma

serrated tussockgrass, nassella tussockgrass

 

 

 

Oryza longistaminata

long-stamen rice, red rice, wild rice

 

 

 

Oryza punctata

red rice, wild rice

 

 

 

Oryza rufipogon

brown-beard rice, wild red rice

 

 

 

Paspalum scrobiculatum syn. Paspalum orbiculare

ditch millet, ricegrass paspalum

 

 

 

Pennisetum clandestinum

kikuyugrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum macrourum

African feathergrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum pedicellatum

deenanathgrass, kyasumagrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum polystachion syn. Pennisetum setosum

missiongrass, thin napiergrass

 

 

 

Rottboellia cochinchinensis syn. Aegilops exaltata syn. Manisuris exaltata syn. Rottboellia exaltata

Itch grass, kokoma grass

 

 

 

Saccharum spontaneum

shatter cane, sweet cane, talahibgrass

 

 

 

Setaria pallidefusca

Queensland pigeongrass, cat-tail grass

 

 

 

Urochloa panicoides

garden urochloa, liverseedgrass

 

Rosales

Rosaceae

Rubus fruticosus (complex)

 

 

 

 

Rubus moluccanus

 

 

Solanales

Solanaceae

Lycium ferocissimum

African boxthorn

 

 

 

Solanum tampicense

wetland nightshade

 

 

 

Solanum torvum syn. Solanum ficifolium

gully bean, devil's fig, turkeyberry

 

 

 

Solanum viarum

tropical soda apple

Parasitic weeds

Pest type

Order name

Family name

Genus and species name

Common name

Parasitic Weeds

Lamiales

Orobanchaceae

Aeginetia spp.

 

 

 

 

Alectra spp.

 

 

 

 

Orobanche spp. other than
O. bulbosa, O. californica, O. cooperi, O. corymbosa, O. dugesii, O. fasciulata, O. ludoviciana, O. multicaulis, O. parishii, O. pinorum, O. uniflora, O. valida and O. vallicola.

 

 

 

 

Striga spp.

 

 

Solanales

Convulvolaceae

Cuscuta spp. other than C. americana, C. applanata, C. approximata, C. attenuata, C. boldinghii, C. brachycalyx, C. californica, C. campestris, C. cassytoides, C. ceanothi, C. cephalanthii, C. compacta, C. corylii, C. cuspidata, C. decipiens, C. dentatasquamata, C. denticulata, C.  epilinum, C. epithymum, C. erosa, C. europaea, C. exalta, C. fasiculata, C. glabrior, C. globulosa, C. glomerata, C. gronovii, C. harperii, C. howelliana, C. indecora, C. jepsonii, C. leptantha, C. mitriformis, C. nevadensis, C. obtusiflora, C. occidentalis, C. odontolepis, C. pentagona, C. planiflora, C. plattensis, C. polygonorum, C. rostrata, C. runyonii, C. salina, C. sandwichiana, C. squamata, C. suaveolens, C. suksdorfii, C. tuberculata, C. umbellata, C. umbrosa, C. vetchii and C. warneri

American dodder

Parasitic plant seeds-prohibited except under plant pest permit:

[1] Not a quarantine pest for Continental United States but maybe for other States/US territories.

[2] Quarantine pest for the state of Florida only

Source: Scientific name and classification used was checked for accuracy against the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) Global database, 19 May 2016

Last reviewed: