Poisons: animal welfare and pest management

Poisons are often used to kill pests. Find out about animal welfare issues relating to the use of poisons.

Types of poison, or vertebrate toxic agents

1080, brodifacoum, and PAPP (para-aminopropiophenone) are examples of poisons used in New Zealand to kill pests such as possums, rats and stoats. Poisons are often called "vertebrate toxic agents" in legislation and technical reports.

All poisons must be approved by MPI under the Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act. MPI will only approve a poison if it kills "as humanely as possible".

Read about the study of animal welfare impacts of vertebrate toxic agents

Read the full standard for approving vertebrate toxic agents [PDF, 45 KB]

Find out more about vertebrate toxic agents

1080 and dogs – Department of Conservation

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