Review of sustainability measures for 1 October 2021

Closing Date:
Contact: Sustainability review 2021


19 July 2021 – Consultation on east coast tarakihi stocks

Fisheries New Zealand has begun consultation on proposed changes to sustainability measures for east coast tarakihi stocks (TAR 2, TAR 3 and the east portions of TAR 1 and TAR 7) for 1 October 2021. The consultation for proposed changes to these stocks will run from 19 July until 9 August 2021.

30 June 2021 – Attend a public drop-in meeting for SNA 8

Fisheries New Zealand is hosting a series of public drop-in sessions at locations within the SNA 8 boundaries. This will be an opportunity to ask questions and discuss the information and proposals contained in the SNA 8 consultation paper.

Review of sustainability measures for snapper (SNA 8) for 2021/22 [PDF, 1.2 MB]

One-page handout summarising the SNA 8 sustainability review [PDF, 297 KB]

Check this page before attending a meeting. If COVID-19 alert levels change, the meeting may need to be postponed.

Check alert levels for your region – Unite against COVID-19

Schedule of public drop-in meetings





Monday, 5 July 2021


Te Ahu
Corner South Road, Church and Matthews Ave

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm

Tuesday, 6 July 2021


Northland cricket Association clubrooms
Cobham Oval
79 Okara Drive

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm

Wednesday, 7 July 2021  


Mana Cruising Club
5 Pascoe Avenue
Ngatitoa Domain

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm

Monday, 12 July 2021

New Plymouth

Fitzroy Bowling Club
2 Baring Terrace

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm

Tuesday, 13 July 2021


Mangere Mountain Education Centre
100 Coronation Road
Mangere Bridge

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm

Thursday, 15 July 2021


Western Community Centre
46 Hyde Avenue

Drop-in between 6pm to 8pm


Have your say

Fisheries New Zealand would like your feedback on proposed changes to sustainability measures for several selected fish stocks or stock groupings.   

About the proposals

We review catch limits for selected stocks twice a year. This is consistent with the requirement that Fisheries New Zealand ensures the sustainable use of fisheries resources.

The proposals for each stock in this round were assessed:

  • in the context of the relevant statutory requirements
  • using the best available information, including the latest scientific information on the status of the stocks and tangata whenua and stakeholder input.

Jump down this page to read the summary table of the proposals

Full details are in the consultation documents.

High Court decision

On 16 June 2021, the High Court delivered its judgment on the former Minister of Fisheries’ decisions to vary the Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for east coast tarakihi fish stocks in 2019. Along with east coast tarakihi, the decision has wider implications for what matters the minister must, and must not, consider when deciding to set or vary a stock’s TAC.

The judgement decision – Courts of New Zealand

Where applicable, Fisheries New Zealand will ensure the court’s decision is reflected in our advice to the minister on the 2021 October sustainability round.

Consultation documents

Making your submission

Fisheries New Zealand invites you to make a submission on the proposals set out in the above consultation documents, using the submission form template. Send us your feedback by 5pm on 27 July 2021.

Submission form [DOCX, 75 KB]

Email your completed form to

While we prefer email, you can post your submission to:

2021 Sustainability Review
Fisheries Management
Fisheries New Zealand
PO Box 2526
Wellington 6140
New Zealand.

Summary table of the proposals

Table 1: Stocks proposed to have their catch limits, allowances, and deemed values reviewed as part of the 1 October 2021 sustainability round.


Stock (area)


Rationale for review

Deepwater stocks


All New Zealand (excludes Kermadec)

– / ↓


The western stock biomass of HOK 1 is predicted to fall below the management target range next year and remain below that range for the remainder of the 5-year projection. To mitigate potential sustainability risks, Fisheries New Zealand is reviewing HOK 1 and proposing options for decreasing the TAC and sub-area catch limit for the western hoki stock.


Southland, Sub-Antarctic


The 2021 stock assessment of LIN 5 indicates the stock biomass is well above the management target and could support increased catch levels. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for increasing the catch limits of LIN 5 to support greater utilisation of the stock. 


SKI 3 & 7
Entire South Island, Chatham Rise, and West Coast off Taranaki and Wellington


An updated Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) analysis indicates that biomass of SKI 3 and SKI 7 has increased in recent years. The TACs and TACCs of both stocks were increased significantly in 2019, but CPUE estimates have continued to increase. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to increase SKI 3 and SKI 7 catch limits to enable greater utilisation of the stocks.


east coast of Northland and Auckland


Catches of CDL 1 have declined over the past few decades, and in more recent years, have been fluctuating well below the TACC. While recent catch levels are unlikely to pose a sustainability risk, there may be risks for the stock if catch levels were to increase to the current limits set. Because of this, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing to decrease the catch limits of CDL 1 to ensure catches remain sustainable in future.

Highly migratory stocks

Southern bluefin tuna

All New Zealand and Extra Territorial waters


Following an internationally agreed outcome at the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), STN 1 will be reviewed domestically for a proposed 14 tonne increase to the TAC. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for allocating this increase among sectors.

Inshore stocks


West Coast of Northland, Auckland, Taranaki and Wellington


SNA 8 is a highly valued shared fishery, and our second biggest snapper stock. Since sustainability concerns were identified in 2005, the fishery has been rebuilding, with monitoring to track the recovery. The most recent stock assessment for SNA 8 shows the stock has recovered well and is highly likely to be above the management target. It is also projected the biomass will continue to increase steeply under current settings. Based on this, there is an opportunity to provide for utilisation across all sectors and to review the ongoing monitoring and management of the fishery. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing 4 options for increasing the catch limits and allowances of SNA 8 and invites feedback on other management measures to support maintaining the fishery at sustainability levels into the future.


HPB 1 & 2
Northland, Bay of Plenty and east coast North Island


Concern for the sustainability of Northern hāpuku stocks, particularly HPB 1 and 2, has been expressed by tangata whenua and commercial and recreational fishers. Commercial catches for these stocks have trended downwards over the last 20 years, and particularly in the last 5 years, with recent catch being well below the TACCs. This indicates a potential sustainability concern. To mitigate this risk, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to set TACs and allowances for these stocks, to reduce recreational bag limits, and to decrease current TACCs.

Red gurnard

East and West Coasts of Auckland and Northland, Bay of Plenty


GUR 1 is an important shared inshore fishery, which overlaps with other highly valued stocks such as SNA 8. It has not been reviewed since introduction into the QMS in 1986, and while there is a TACC in place, no TAC or allowances have been set. The commercial catch limit has been consistently under caught and landings appear to be declining. The most recent scientific assessment in 2017 did not specifically indicate any sustainability concerns with current catch levels but did note that the sustainability risk of catching the full TACC is unknown. There is also information to suggest there may be concerns with certain biological sub-stocks of gurnard within the larger fisheries management area. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to set a TAC and allowances for GUR 1, and decrease the TACC to ensure catches remain sustainable.

West Coast and Top of South Island


The stock status of GUR 7 is informed by biomass indices from regular trawl surveys, which indicate that the stock is currently in good health and at or above target level. The surveys suggest that GUR 7 is experiencing a recruitment pulse (consecutive years of good recruitment). Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to increase GUR 7 catch limits to support greater utilisation of the stock.


Kaikoura, Canterbury

PAU 3 is being subdivided from 1 October 2021 into north and south QMAs (PAU 3A – Kaikōura, and PAU 3B – Canterbury) to enable more targeted management of pāua (particularly in the Kaikōura earthquake affected area, which is currently closed to fishing). Fisheries New Zealand is proposing catch setting options for these 2 new QMAs.

Blue cod

Kaikoura, Canterbury, Otago


This stock is being reviewed as a priority under the National Blue Cod Strategy. Potting survey results within BCO 3 have been trending down in recent years and action was taken last year to address localised depletion issues in key areas of BCO 3 through introduction of a traffic light system and regulations. As a further step, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for setting a TAC and allowances for BCO 3, including an option that would see a decrease to the TACC.

School shark

Southland and Sub-Antarctic


Catch per unit effort has declined in SCH 5 since 2005, indicating a potential sustainability risk. In 2021, the stock was assessed as unlikely to be at or above the target biomass, with overfishing very likely to be occurring. In line with this information Fisheries New Zealand is proposing an option that would decrease catch limits and allowances for SCH 5.


Table 2: Summary stocks proposed to only have deemed values reviewed as part of the 1 October 2021 sustainability round.


Stock (area)


Rationale for reviewing deemed values


East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington


Landed price for this stock has increased by around 25% in the last year and catch regularly exceeds available ACE. An adjustment is being proposed to ensure appropriate incentives for fishers to remain within ACE holdings.

Blue cod

West coast and top of South Island


Current deemed value rates for BCO 7 are much lower than its neighbouring BCO 3 stock, and well under the landed price. An adjustment to BCO 7 deemed values is being proposed to account for these factors.


East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington


Landed price for this stock has increased by over 15% in the last year. The fishery is rebuilding, and there is ongoing need to ensure appropriate incentives for fishers to remain within ACE holdings.


Northern east and west Coasts, North Island


The SKI 1 basic annual deemed value rate increased by $0.25/kg since 1 October 2020 based on an increase in landed price for 2020/21. However, landed price for 2021/22 has subsequently decreased back to the 2019/20 value, so a corresponding adjustment to the deemed value rate is proposed.

East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington


A decision to increase SKI 2 TACC from 1 October 2020 was not given effect due to court injunction regarding ‘28N’ rights. A reduction in deemed value rates is proposed to reflect the state of the stock and reduce the financial costs incurred by fishers as a result of ongoing court proceedings.


West coast of Northland, Auckland, Taranaki and Wellington


KIN 8 deemed values rates are double the rates of the adjoining KIN 7 stock and the landed price for this stock has almost halved in the last year. An adjustment is being proposed to account for these factors.


Legal overview

Our legal overview of sustainability measures provides the main legal requirements as they relate to decision-making on sustainability measures. It also references the relevant provisions in the Fisheries Act 1996.

Legal overview of sustainability measures [PDF, 347 KB]

Fisheries Act 1996 – NZ Legislation

Related information

Hauraki Gulf Marine Park Act 2000 – NZ Legislation

About the Quota Management System (QMS)

The Harvest Strategy Standard

Operational guidelines for New Zealand's Harvest Strategy Standard [PDF, 843 KB]

The deemed values guidelines [PDF, 890 KB]

Glossary of relevant terms

National fisheries plan for deepwater and middle-depth fisheries [PDF, 1.4 MB]

Submissions are public information

Submissions made become public information. People can ask for copies of submissions under the Official Information Act 1982 (OIA). The OIA says we must make submissions available unless we have a good reason for withholding it. That is explained in sections 6 and 9 of the OIA.

Tell us if you think there are grounds to withhold specific information in any submissions you have made. Reasons might include that it's commercially sensitive or it's personal information. However, any decision Fisheries New Zealand makes to withhold information can be reviewed by the Ombudsman, who may tell us to release it. 

Last reviewed: