Import risk analysis

Risk analysis helps us work out how to manage risks. An import risk analysis assesses the pest and disease risks associated with importing a wide range of plants, animals, and other products. Find out about the import risk analysis process.

What an import risk analysis tells us

An import risk analysis can tell us:

  • the pests or diseases that could come with the imported item
  • how likely it is these pests or diseases will be on the item
  • the possible effects these pests or diseases could have on human health, the environment, or the economy
  • the effectiveness of any control measures (for keeping pests or diseases out of New Zealand, or controlling them if they arrive).

Import risk analysis requirements

The World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement) sets out the requirements countries must follow.

Risk management measures:

  • must be based on existing international standards, guidelines, or recommendations, or be supported by science
  • must not restrict trade any more than they need to.

The role of the SPS agreement is discussed in the MPI report Balance in trade.

Balance in trade [PDF, 665 KB]

A risk assessment or risk analysis is a critical part of developing an import health standard. The Biosecurity Act (1993) describes how to develop an import health standard.

Biosecurity Act section 23: From draft to recommendations – NZ Legislation

The import risk analysis process

Before we begin an import risk analysis, we review the information we already have. This includes looking at existing assessments and previous policy.

We discuss the risk analysis with people both inside and outside MPI (often referred to as stakeholders). That includes our border staff, industry representatives, other government agencies, and iwi. This helps us figure out what the risk assessment needs to tell us.

We also work out what criteria we will use and the evidence we'll need to make decisions.

After we have gathered the information we need and decided on a plan, we:

  • identify the pests and diseases which require assessment
  • consider the likelihood of pests and diseases entering New Zealand and becoming established, and the possible impacts on the economy, environment, and people.
  • consider how to manage or control any pest and disease threats.

We work with the stakeholders throughout the project. This gives allows them to submit evidence which may change the project's scope or conclusions.

Find out more

An overview of our import risk analysis process [PDF, 317 KB] 

Who to contact

If you have questions about import risk analysis or import health standards, email

Published risk analyses and submission reviews

You can download a copy of a published import risk analysis. Each risk analysis has a related document, which is a review of the submissions received.

Extra details about each document can be read by clicking on the "+" sign that appears on the same line as the document title.

Tips - try using:
  • one word for precise results - for example, alligator
  • multiple words for broader results. For example, alligator meat returns documents with either alligator or meat
  • quotation marks to search a specific term - for example, 'alligator meat' returns documents with the exact phrase 'alligator meat'
Published after date must be later than or the same as Published before date.
Published before date must be earlier than or the same as Published after date.
Expand All
Rapid Risk Analysis Equine piroplasmosis
Risk analysis
Import Risk Analysis: Zoo Bovidae, Giraffidae, Tragulidae and their semen
Risk analysis
Rapid Risk Analysis Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 in processed egg products, chicken hatching eggs and chicken meat
Technical paper
Live Japanese spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) from Japan; coconut crab (Birgus latro), Christmas Island red crab (Gecarcoidea natalis) or Christmas Island blue crab (Discoplax celeste) from Christmas Island for display in public aquariums and zoological institutions
Risk analysis
Technical Review of Animal Feed Processing Methods Processing parameters for retorting, extrusion-cooking, baking and chemical treatment in the production of animal feed from animal-derived raw material
Technical paper
Technical Advice: Inactivation of microorganisms in animalorigin raw materials used to produce animal feed – selected treatments
Technical paper
Supplementary Import Risk Analysis: Frozen fish and cephalopod molluscs for fish bait
Rapid Risk Assessment Equine infectious anaemia and equine viral arteritis in equids from Australia
Risk analysis
Risk Profile Update:Toxoplasma gondii in red meat and meat products
Risk analysis
Pest risk assessment: Lycorma delicatula (Spotted lanternfly) - Technical paper
Risk analysis
Pest risk assessment: Halyomorpha halys (Brown marmorated stink bug) - Technical Paper
Risk analysis
Import Risk Analysis: Milk and milk products derived from pasteurised camel milk for human consumption
Risk analysis
Canine influenza virus subtypes H3N8 and H3N2 in imported dogs and cats - Rapid Risk Analysis
Risk analysis
Southern Scallop Fishery; Marlborough Sounds
Risk analysis
Import Risk Analysis Eviscerated or Trunked Fish for Human Consumption
Risk analysis
RRA Vesicular stomatitis in live animals and their germplasm
Risk analysis
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