The primary industries are continuing to perform well in the face of significant challenges this year, according to the Ministry for Primary Industries, and the medium-term outlook is very positive.
The Ministry has released the annual Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries report, which includes production, trade and pricing statistics for the current season and for three or four years out.
“It’s been a season of two halves for the land-based industries, with many areas impacted by drought in the second half,” says Jarred Mair, Sector Policy director.
“The impacts of the severe drought continue and could continue for several seasons, for example many sheep and beef farms need to build breeding stock numbers back up.”
MPI has analysed what impact the drought has had on primary sector export revenues and this shows a decline for the year to June 31 of $1.3 billion.
“As many commentators have said in the past few months, the challenge to the primary industries is to develop resilience – to protect their ability to continue to produce and export, as well as to add value.
“This will help meet the goal that MPI has set, which is to help the sector double the value of primary sector exports by 2025.”
According to the report, MPI expects primary sector revenues will increase 2.2 percent to $24.1 billion in the year to June 2014, and to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 7.4 percent to $29.5 billion in 2016/17.
“This outlook is based on maximising opportunities in Asian markets, recovery from the global recession and an assumption of a slightly lower New Zealand dollar against trading currencies.”
Key points from the Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries report:
- The medium-term outlook for the dairy sector is for steady growth continuing, at a rate of 8 percent compounding.
- The meat industry faces challenging times ahead, as drought impacts have added to existing competitive pressure for land use.
- The challenge the forestry industry has identified is to extract maximum value from the large harvest volume that’s coming on-stream.
- There is a sharp contraction in kiwifruit volume due to the vine disease Psa, which is expected to rebound in the medium term.
- There’s a better balance over the medium term between wine supply and expected demand.
- Pipfruit prospects are dependent on uptake and management of new varieties.
- Prospects for export vegetable crops are linked to development of irrigation, which creates more reliability for investment.
- While seafood volume growth is naturally constrained, slight price increases are expected.
About the Situation and Outlook report
The Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries (PDF, 11.3 MB) report gives a good sense of how this crucial sector is faring – what’s going well and what its challenges and opportunities are.
The full report is released in June each year and a half-yearly update is released in December. The document is also downloadable from the MPI website (see the Publications database, under “News and Resources”). A summary (two-sided A4) fact sheet (PDF, 1.6 MB) is also available.