Setting up a land-based fish farm
Find out what the requirements are to set up land-based aquaculture and how to get a fish-farm licence from Fisheries New Zealand.
WHAT THIS PROCESS COVERS
This process covers commercial aquaculture above the mean high-water mark, including:
- marine and freshwater species (fish, shellfish, and seaweed)
- farming in tanks, ponds, cages, pens (including in freshwater canals)
- farming on land using seawater or brackish water (pumped in from the sea or circulated around the farm)
If you want to farm species above the high water mark (to sell), you must get a fish-farm licence from Fisheries New Zealand.
Setting up a marine farm (like a mussel or oyster farm) and finfish sea cages below mean high-water mark follows a different process.
Find out which species can be farmed
You can apply to farm any species listed under the:
If you want to farm a species that is not on the list, you must apply to us to have the species listed.
- Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Requirements to establish a land-based farm
To set up a land-based farm, you need:
- resource consent from the regional council, or a letter from council advising if consent isn't needed
- to notify the fish and game council in the area where the farm will be located
- the right to occupy the site
- to register as a client with FishServe
- a fish-farm licence issued by Fisheries New Zealand.
Follow the steps below or download our detailed guide to getting approval for a fish farm.
Guide to applying for a fish-farm licence [PDF, 501 KB]
Follow the steps to get approval
Before applying for a fish-farm licence, you must get resource consent from the relevant regional council or unitary authority. This may include consent to establish a farm, install pipelines under the foreshore, or take and discharge water.
Contact your regional council or unitary authority to find out:
- what consultation and information is required
- what application forms you need to complete
- application fees.
When you apply for consent to take or discharge water, you must give written notice of your application for consent to a fish and game council in the district where the:
- farm will be located
- water will be released.
Fish and game councils have the right to make written submissions to the director-general of MPI about your application within 21 days of notification.
Register as a FishServe client
To set up an aquaculture farm you must be registered as a client with FishServe. FishServe provides aquaculture administrative services (such as collection of fees) on behalf of MPI.
To register, download and complete the relevant FishServe registration form:
- Application for company, incorporated society, limited partnership
- Application for individual or sole trader
- Application for trust or partnership
The application for client registration can be submitted at the same time as your application for a fish-farm licence.
Prepare your application
For a new fish-farm licence, download and complete the Application for a fish-farm licence.
- Application for a fish-farm licence [PDF, 160 KB]
- Application for a fish-farm licence [DOCX, 745 KB]
Prepare the required supporting information (listed in the Guide to applying for a fish-farm licence), including:
- copies of resource consents to take and discharge water
- evidence that Fish and Game were notified
- evidence of your right to use the land for the fish farm (for example, a copy of the lease agreement or ownership papers)
- a list of species you want to farm and where you will get stock from
- plans of the farm site and layout
- a farm biosecurity plan
- the application fee of $2,008.20 (including GST).
To amend, renew or transfer an existing licence
Complete the relevant application form:
- Application to vary the conditions of a fish-farm licence [PDF, 134 KB]
- Application to renew a fish-farm licence [PDF, 99 KB]
- Application to transfer a fish-farm licence [PDF, 104 KB]
Submit your application
Send your completed application form and any supporting documents to email@example.com
Or post to:
Aquaculture and Fisheries Permitting team
Fisheries New Zealand
Private Bag 14
Stocking your farm
You can't take species from natural waters (for example, the sea, lakes, and rivers) to use as broodstock on a fish farm. Stock must come from another land-based fish farm, a marine farm, or a licensed fish receiver.
For freshwater species, contact the Department of Conservation (DOC) to find out if approval is needed to release the species on the farm. If moving stock between any islands, you will need an approval from DOC.
To stock your farm with salmon, you need authorisations from DOC and Fisheries New Zealand. You also require authorisation from Fisheries New Zealand for movement of salmon on and off the farm after it is stocked.
Moving and releasing stock from your farm
To release stock to the natural environment you require approval from Fisheries New Zealand or the Department of Conservation, depending on the species and location.
If you want to release stock into:
Manage biosecurity risks
The most efficient way to protect your farm and the environment from pests and diseases, is to have an on‑farm biosecurity plan.
What if I don't plan to sell the fish?
You don't need a fish-farm licence if you are growing or harvesting fish which aren't for sale (for example, if you have a research farm that doesn't sell the fish). However, you may need to register as a fish farmer.
For more information, email firstname.lastname@example.org
To cancel a fish-farm licence
Email your request to cancel (with your fish-farm licence details) to email@example.com
Find out more
Who to contact
For more information on land-based commercial fish farming, email firstname.lastname@example.org