Animal management: Winter grazing and mud
Animals need careful management in winter. Find out about risks, requirements, and solutions, and about the Winter Grazing Action Group.
UPDATE – 27 APRIL 2021
2021/2022 Intensive Winter Grazing Module
A module has been developed to help achieve immediate improvements in intensive winter grazing practices in 2021.
It highlights practical solutions farmers can take to mitigate the effects of grazing livestock on fodder crops during the winter months.
The module will be used to inform intensive winter grazing components of existing and new farm plans. It will also enable the components to be tested and incorporated into wider certified freshwater farm plans when they are rolled out from early 2022.
2021/2022 Intensive Winter Grazing Module [PDF, 1.1 MB]
2021/2022 Intensive Winter Grazing Module – Template [PDF, 1.6 MB]
New Zealand's codes of animal welfare generally require that:
- livestock have access to areas that are free of surface water and mud
- animals have protection from adverse weather (like storms)
- livestock are able to lie down and rest comfortably for sufficient periods to meet their behavioural needs.
Managing crop feeding
The two main risks with winter cropping are that:
- animals can get sick from changing their diet from pasture to crops too quickly
- paddocks can quickly get muddy during long wet periods.
These problems can quickly become welfare concerns.
Livestock animals need to lie down for rest and digestion. They won’t lie on very wet ground, which can lead to poor health and poor welfare.
Mud happens. But it can be managed. Some resources to help you are available online.
Refer to our programme – Safeguarding our Animals, Safeguarding our Reputation
The Winter Grazing Action Group, established in early 2020, is made up of 15 representatives from industry organisations, government, vets, farmers, and other rural professionals. It's tasked with implementing recommendations to improve animal welfare in winter grazing systems.
The establishment of the group follows the final report by the Winter Grazing Taskforce
Guidance for animal welfare on winter grazing
The group has put together guidance for farmers. Short-term expected outcomes for animal welfare:
- will help farmers understand what they’re doing well
- highlights where improvements can be made
- offers advice around planning during the year
- has some important winter grazing management practices.
Following the guidance will be good for the animals' welfare. The group says the practice changes are realistically achievable by spring 2021.
Short-term expected outcomes for animal welfare [PDF, 660 KB]
Terms of reference
You can find out more about the action group and its role in the Terms of reference.
Terms of Reference [PDF, 565 KB]
Meeting reports and a media release
Meeting summary and action – 22 January 2021 [PDF, 202 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 18 November 2020 [PDF, 213 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 28 October 2020 [PDF, 225 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 22 September 2020 [PDF, 218 KB]
Meeting summary and actions - 1 September 2020 [PDF, 223 KB]
Meeting summary and actions - 28 July 2020 [PDF, 158 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 30 June 2020 [PDF, 185 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 16 June 2020 [PDF, 572 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 2 June 2020 [PDF, 578 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 19 May 2020 [PDF, 606 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 5 May 2020 [PDF, 698 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 21 April 2019 [PDF, 606 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 24 February 2020 [PDF, 589 KB]
Who to contact
If you have questions about winter grazing, email firstname.lastname@example.org
On 7 August 2019, Minister of Agriculture Damien O’Connor announced he was establishing a taskforce to respond to the animal welfare issues associated with the practice of winter grazing.
On 18 August 2019, Minister O’Connor announced the 10 members of the taskforce. They are:
- Dr John Hellstrom, ONZM (Independent chairman)
- Dr Arnja Dale, chief scientific adviser, SPCA
- Dr Helen Beattie, chief veterinary officer, New Zealand Veterinary Association
- Dr Stephen Hopkinson, dairy cattle vet and New Zealand Veterinary Association
- Angus Robson, environment campaigner
- Dr Ross Monaghan, senior scientist, AgResearch
- Elaine Cook, DairyNZ
- Dave Harrison, Beef+Lamb NZ
- Ewen Mathieson, dairy farmer, Southland
- Pania King, sheep and beef farmer, Gisborne.
The taskforce completed a stocktake of the multiple initiatives underway to promote good winter grazing practice and identified why these are not currently working for all. This was contained in the final report along with 11 recommendations to help ensure that animal welfare becomes part of all winter grazing decisions along the pastoral supply chain.
Government media releases about the taskforce
Terms of reference
You can find out more about the taskforce and its role in the Terms of reference.
Terms of Reference agreed on 23 August 2019 [PDF, 613 KB]
Approach summary [PDF, 136 KB]
Meetings and reports
Meeting summary and actions – 23 August 2019 [PDF, 787 KB]
Winter Grazing Taskforce first report [PDF, 404 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 5 September 2019 [PDF, 802 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 12 September 2019 [PDF, 784 KB]
Meeting summary and actions – 27 September 2019 [PDF, 805 KB]