Alphabetical list of priority pests and diseases

This is Biosecurity New Zealand's current priority list of 67 pests and diseases of concern to plant and aquatic health. These pests are not in New Zealand. They would pose a serious threat if they established here. Learn more about them and what you can do to help us keep them out.

About the current list

This is Biosecurity New Zealand's current priority list of pests and diseases to plant and aquatic health. The list is a snapshot of the pests and diseases that we consider most serious to plant and aquatic health. Biosecurity risks are always changing. As our emerging risks system identifies new and changing biosecurity threats to New Zealand, we will refresh this list.

Aquatic pests and diseases

Latin name Common name
Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida Furunculosis
Aphanomyces astaci Crayfish plague
Aphanomyces invadans Epizootic ulcerative syndrome
Asterias amurensis Northern Pacific seastar
Carcinus maenas European shore crab
Caulerpa taxifolia Caulerpa
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis
Eriocheir sinensis Chinese mitten crab
Hemigrapsus sanguineus Asian shore crab
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (exotic strains) (IPNV) Infectious pancreatic necrosis
Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) Infectious salmon anaemia
Marteilia, several species Marteiliosis
Mikrocystos mackini Mikrocytosis, Denman Island Disease
Perna perna Asian brown mussel
Red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) Red sea bream iridoviral disease
Renibacterium salmoninarum  Bacterial kidney disease
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia
Xenohaliotis californiensis Withering syndrome

Pests and diseases of plants 

Latin name Common name
Anastrepha fraterculus South American fruit fly
Anoplophora chinensis Citrus longhorn beetle
Anoplophora glabripennis Asian longhorn beetle
Avocado Sunblotch Viroid Avocado sun blotch
Bactrocera dorsalis Oriental fruit fly
Bactrocera tryoni Queensland fruit fly
Bruchus pisorum Pea weevil
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus + vector Monochamus spp Pinewood nematode vectored by sawyer beetle
Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris Aster yellows phytoplasma
Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly
Ceratocystis fimbriata Ceratocystis wilt
Columnea latent viroid Columnea latent viroid
Dendroctonus ponderosae Mountain pine bark beetle
Diuraphis noxia Russian wheat aphid
Dothistroma pini Dothistroma needle blight
Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing drosophila
Endocronartium harknessii Western gall rust
Fusarium circinatum Pine pitch canker
Grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma Flavescence dorée of grapevine
Guignardia bidwellii Grape black rot
Halyomorpha halys Brown marmorated stink bug
Helicobasidium mompa Violet root rot
Hypera postica Alfalfa weevil
Liriomyza huidobrensis Serpentine leafminer
Lycorma delicatula Spotted lanternfly
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Lymantria monacha Nun moth
Maize dwarf mosaic virus Maize lethal necrosis disease
Pantoea ananatis Soft rot
Pea early-browning virus Pea early-browning virus
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora Texas root rot
Phytophthora pinifolia Daño foliar del pino
Phytophthora ramorum Sudden oak death
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid, PSTVd
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae Psa – new strains (kiwifruit vine canker)
Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici race TTKSK Wheat stem rust Ug99
Raffaelea lauricola + vector Xyleborus glabratus Laurel wilt vectored by Asian ambrosia beetle
Rhyacionia buoliana European pine shoot moth
Solenopsis invicta Red imported fire ant
Teia anartoides Painted apple moth
Tetranychus kanzawai Kanzawa spider mite
Thaumetopoea pityocampa  Pine processionary moth
Tilletia walkeri Rye grass bunt fungus
Tipula paludosa European crane fly
Tomato apical stunt viroid Tomato apical stunt viroid
Tomato torrado virus Tomato Torrado Virus, ToTV
Tomicus piniperda Pine shoot beetle
Xylella fastidiosa Bacterial leaf scorch
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