About the undue adverse effects test
We assess the effects of proposed marine farms on fishing. We do this through the undue adverse effects test.
Before setting up a marine farm, you must apply for a resource consent from the relevant regional council. A resource consent is also known as a "coastal permit".
Find out how to apply to set up a marine farm
If the council grants resource consent, it will ask the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) for an undue adverse effects test (UAE test). The UAE test assesses the potential effects of your marine farm on:
- recreational fishing
- customary fishing
- commercial fishing.
You normally cannot start a marine farm if it will have undue adverse effects on any of these. The only exception is if you make an aquaculture agreement with the affected quota holders.
UAE test results
The outcome of the UAE test is called an "aquaculture decision". This determines whether your marine farm's resource consent is confirmed. If it's confirmed, you can set up the farm.
Fees and charges
There are fees for all aquaculture decisions.
Fees and charges for an aquaculture decision
What the UAE test covers
When assessing effects under the UAE test, we consider:
- the location of the proposed farm in relation to fishing areas
- the likely effect of the proposed marine farm on fishing, including how much of a fishery would be affected
- how much the proposed farm would exclude fishing
- whether a species that the farm could affect could be fished in other areas
- how much the proposed marine farm would increase the cost of fishing
- the total effect on fishing of the proposed aquaculture.
What the UAE test doesn't cover
The UAE test is limited to looking at the effects of the farm on fishing. This means we can't consider things like:
- navigation issues that could affect fishing vessels and non-fishing vessels
- effects on the enjoyment of fishing
- whether a marine farm would affect views while fishing
- effects on the environment.
Effects that are not covered under the UAE test are considered under the resource consent process.
If you want to make a submission on the effects not covered by the UAE test, send it to the council that's considering the resource consent.
List of councils – Department of Internal Affairs
The result of the UAE test (the aquaculture decision)
The result of the UAE test is called the "aquaculture decision".
Three possible outcomes
If this happens...
1. Farm would have no undue adverse effects on fishing.
You can set up the farm.
2. Farm would have undue adverse effects on commercial fishing for Quota Management System (QMS) species.
You can only set up the farm if an agreement is reached with affected fish quota owners.
3. Farm would have undue adverse effects on:
The farm can't proceed.
Find out more
Fact sheet: Aquaculture agreements [PDF, 463 KB]
Fact sheet: Arbitration (Aquaculture) [PDF, 869 KB]
Current aquaculture applications
You can view applications we are assessing, as well as existing marine farms on NABIS
How to view marine farms and marine farm applications in NABIS [PDF, 569 KB]
Notification of aquaculture decisions
Aquaculture decisions are notified:
- in the New Zealand Gazette
- to the requesting council
- to the resource consent holder
- to people who gave information or were consulted for the UAE test.
Aquaculture decision reports
We publish reports on aquaculture applications and decisions.
Aquaculture applications and decisions
When to expect an aquaculture decision
We must make an aquaculture decision within 20 working days of the request from a council. This excludes time needed:
- to consult on an application, or to seek more information
- to notify an aquaculture decision
- for judicial review proceedings
- to make a decision on a prior request for an aquaculture decision that:
- affects the same fish stocks, or
- affects the same fishery.
We make aquaculture decisions in the order that we receive them.
Note: If we get 2 requests from the same authority, then the authority specifies the order of processing.
Making a decision out of order
We can only do this if it will not adversely affect another requested decision.
Decisions can be judicially reviewed
An aquaculture decision can be judicially reviewed by the High Court. You must lodge a judicial review within 30 working days following notification. The decision won't be complete until:
- after the judicial review timeframe, or
- completion of a judicial review.
Contact the High Court to find out about applying.
High Court – Ministry of Justice
Conditions of the resource consent
An aquaculture decision can be tied to conditions of the resource consent.
Councils normally cannot change a condition of a resource consent if it's tied to an aquaculture decision. They can only do this if another aquaculture decision shows the change wouldn't have an undue adverse effect.
The public may be asked for information
We may ask affected members of the public for information for a UAE test. If we do, they can give information on fishing activity in the proposed marine farm area. Information should be relevant to the 6 points covered by the UAE test.
All information provided may be released, if requested, under the Official Information Act 1982 (OIA). If you don't want your information released, provide clear reasons with your information. We will consider your reasons when we assess release of information. However, any decision Fisheries New Zealand makes to withhold information can be reviewed by the Ombudsman, who may require the information be released.
Resources for applicants and fishers
There's information to help you if you want to provide information for a UAE test.
Stock assessment plenary reports – Fisheries Infosite
Document library – Fisheries Infosite
Fisheries Act 1996 – NZ Legislation
Maps and mapping tools
We have maps of commercial fishing activity.
NABIS is an online mapping tool. You can use it to work out if a planned site is suitable for a marine farm.
National Aquatic Biodiversity Information System (NABIS)
Using NABIS layers for marine farm assessment [PDF, 563 KB]
Find out more
You can request registered aquaculture agreements from FishServe.
Who to contact
If you have questions about the undue adverse effects test or aquaculture decisions:
- email UAE@mpi.govt.nz
- phone 03 548 1069 (Nelson regional office).