Egg production and processing food safety requirements
If you produce eggs, or process, sell, or export eggs or egg products for human consumption, you must make sure they are fit for intended purpose.
Key requirements for egg producers and processors
The legal requirements that apply to your business depend on what you are doing.
Use our roadmap to help you find the laws you need to follow.
Eggs roadmap [PDF, 1.1 MB]
In general egg producers must comply with the Animal Products Act 1999.
Primary processors harvest, candle, grade, and pack eggs. Unless they're exempt, they must operate a registered risk management programme (RMP) under the Animal Products Act 1999.
Secondary processors break eggs and make egg products. Those that sell domestically can choose to operate under:
- a registered RMP under the Animal Products Act 1999, or
- a registered food control plan (FCP) under the Food Act 2014.
If exporting with an official assurance, primary and secondary processors must operate under a RMP.
If you are operating under a registered FCP you may use it as the basis for an RMP.
Food Standards Code (FSC) requirements for eggs and egg products
Part 1 of the FSC gives general requirements that must be followed for all food.
- Part 1.2 has labelling requirements.
- Part 1.3 has substances that can be added to foods (for example, processing aids used to wash eggs).
- Part 1.6 has microbiological limits.
The Primary Production and Processing Standard for Eggs and Egg Products applies only to Australian producers. However, you can use it as a guide to help you run your business.
Operators need to comply with animal welfare rules, including the code of welfare for layer hens.
"Barn laid" or "free range" eggs
Claims about a product being "barn laid" or "free range" are subject to the Fair Trading Act 1986. It is an offence to mislead consumers by incorrectly labelling any product. The Commerce Commission handles consumer complaints about unsubstantiated claims on egg labels.
Only a small number of egg products and some hatching eggs can be imported into New Zealand. This is due to biosecurity requirements.
Information and research on Salmonella
Our research section has information about Salmonella in and on eggs.
If you produce eggs for animal consumption
If you're producing eggs for animal consumption (not human consumption), there are separate legal requirements.
Who to contact
If you have questions about egg production and processing, email firstname.lastname@example.org