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Review of sustainability measures for 1 October 2021

Update – 24 September 2021

Minister's decision released

Following consultation, the Minister for Oceans and Fisheries has made decisions on sustainability measures for selected fish stocks as part of the October 2021 sustainability round.

We have released:

  • the Minister's decision letter and advice papers
  • submissions received 
  • summaries of the decisions for each stock

Stocks affected in this round

In this sustainability round decisions were made in relation to Total Allowable Catches (TACs), non-commercial allowances, and Total Allowable Commercial Catches (TACCs) for 15 fish stocks with an October fishing year. Decisions were also made on deemed value adjustments for 12 stocks with an October fishing year. All of these changes will come into effect at the start of the new fishing year on 1 October 2021.

Fish stocks receiving changes to TACs, non-commercial allowances, and TACCs

  • Hoki – HOK 1
  • Ling – LIN 5
  • Gemfish – SKI 3 and SKI 7
  • Black cardinalfish – CDL 1
  • Southern bluefin tuna – STN 1
  • Snapper – SNA 8
  • Hāpuku and bass – HPB 1 and HPB 2
  • Red gurnard – GUR 1 and GUR 7
  • School shark – SCH 5
  • Blue cod – BCO 3
  • Pāua – PAU 3A and PAU 3B

Fish stocks receiving deemed value rate adjustments

  • Alfonsino – BYX 2
  • Black cardinalfish – CDL 1
  • Blue cod – BCO 3 and BCO 7
  • Bluenose – BNS 2
  • Gemfish – SKI 1, SKI 2, and SKI 7
  • Kingfish – KIN 8
  • Pāua – PAU 3A and PAU 3B
  • Snapper – SNA 8

Decision letter and advice papers

The Minister's decision letter provides further details and reasons for each of these decisions.

Decision letter from the Minister for Oceans and Fisheries [PDF, 375 KB]

Final advice paper prepared by Fisheries New Zealand on the 2021 October sustainability measures [PDF, 9.6 MB]

Public submissions received during this consultation 

Part 1 – Multi-stock submissions from large representative bodies and organisations [PDF, 17 MB]

Part 2 – More multi-stock submissions and submissions on the deemed values paper and southern bluefin tuna (STN 1) [PDF, 8.5 MB]

Part 3 – Submissions on SNA 8 and GUR 1 proposals [PDF, 14 MB]

Part 4 – All other submissions [PDF, 7.6 MB]

Summary table of the minister's decisions

Changes to catch limits and allowances from 1 October 2021
Species Stock (area) Change Decision summary
Hoki     HOK 1
New Zealand wide   

  • Decrease the TAC from 116,190 to 111,140 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 115,000 to 110,000 tonnes.
  • Retain allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing each at 20 tonnes.
  • Decrease the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 1,150 to 1,100 tonnes.
  • As part of this decision, it is also expected that quota owners will alter the HOK 1 catch split arrangement within the TACC to decrease the western stock limit from 55,000 to 45,000 tonnes and increase the eastern stock limit from 60,000 to 65,000 tonnes.
Ling    LIN 5
Southland region  

  • Increase the TAC from 4,834 to 5,314 tonnes.
  • Increase the TACC from 4,735 to 5,208 tonnes.
  • Retain the allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing each at 1 tonne.
  • Increase the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 97 to 104 tonnes.
Gemfish        SKI 3
East Coast South Island, Chatham Rise, Southland and Sub-Antarctic  

  • Increase the TAC from 606 to 848 tonnes.
  • Increase the TACC from 599 to 839 tonnes.
  • Retain allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 1 and 0 tonnes, respectively.
  • Increase the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 6 to 8 tonnes.
SKI 7
West Coast of the South Island and off Taranaki and Wellington  

  • Increase the TAC from 606 to 848 tonnes.
  • Increase the TACC from 599 to 839 tonnes.
  • Retain allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 1 and 0 tonnes, respectively.
  • Increase the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 6 to 8 tonnes.
Black cardinalfish    CDL 1
Off East Coast of Northland and Auckland  

  • Decrease the TAC from 1,320 to 176 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 1,200 to 160 tonnes.
  • Retain allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing each at 0 tonnes.
  • Decrease the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 120 to 16 tonnes.
Southern bluefin tuna     STN 1
All New Zealand waters   

 
  • Increase the TAC from 1,088 to 1,102 tonnes.
  • Retain the TACC at 1,046 tonnes.
  • Retain the allowance for customary Māori fishing at 2 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for recreational fishing from 20 to 34 tonnes.
  • Retain the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 20 tonnes.
Snapper     SNA 8
West Coast of Northland, Auckland, Taranaki & Wellington   

 
  • Increase the TAC from 1,785 to 3,065 tonnes.
  • Increase the TACC from 1,300 to 1,600 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for customary Māori fishing from 43 to 100 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for recreational fishing from 312 to 1,205 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 130 to 160 tonnes.
Hāpuku and bass           HPB 1
East Coast Northland, Auckland and Bay of Plenty  

  • Set the TAC at 215 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 480.8 to 140 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 10 and 58 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 7 tonnes.
HPB 2
East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington  

  • Set the TAC at 132 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 266.2 to 80 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 10 and 38 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 4 tonnes.

The Minister has also agreed to initiating the regulatory process to modify recreational rules for these hāpuku and bass stocks including:

  • introducing a daily catch limit of no more than 2 hāpuku and/or bass per person
  • removing these stocks from the combined daily catch limit of 5 with kingfish
  • introducing an accumulation limit of 3 HPB for trips over a period of more than one day.      
Red Gurnard         GUR 1
East and West Coasts of Auckland & Northland, Bay of Plenty  

  • Set the TAC at 996 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 2,288 to 800 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 40 and 100 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 56 tonnes.
GUR 7
West Coast and Top of South Island   

 
  • Increase the TAC from 1,294.65 to 1,422 tonnes.
  • Increase the TACC from 1,180 to 1,298 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for customary Māori fishing from 15 to 17 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for recreational fishing from 38 to 42 tonnes.
  • Increase the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 61.65 to 65 tonnes.
Blue cod    BCO 3
Kaikoura, Canterbury and Otago  

  • Set the TAC at 243 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 162.732 to 130 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 20 and 83 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 10 tonnes.
Pāua        PAU 3A
Kaikōura  

New

  • Set the TAC at 40.5 tonnes.
  • Set the TACC at 23 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 7.5 and 5 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 5 tonnes.
PAU 3B
Canterbury  

New

  • Set the TAC at 80 tonnes.
  • Set the TACC at 46 tonnes.
  • Set allowances for customary Māori fishing and recreational fishing at 15 and 9 tonnes, respectively.
  • Set the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing at 10 tonnes.
School shark     SCH 5
Southland and Sub-Antarctic   

  • Decrease the TAC from 794 to 558 tonnes.
  • Decrease the TACC from 743 to 520 tonnes.
  • Retain the allowance for customary Māori fishing at 7 tonnes.
  • Decrease the allowance for recreational fishing from 7 to 5 tonnes.
  • Decrease the allowance for all other sources of mortality caused by fishing from 37 to 26 tonnes.

Changes to deemed value rates from October 2021

Species (stocks) Summary of changes
Alfonsino (BYX 2 
  • Interim and annual deemed value rates have been increased for BYX 2, CDL 1, BCO 3, BCO 7, BNS 2 and SKI 7.
  • Interim and annual deemed value rates have been reduced for SKI 1, SKI 2, KIN 8 and SNA 8.
  • A special differential schedule has been added for CDL 1.
  • The differential schedules for BCO 3, SKI 7, KIN 8 and SNA 8 have been adjusted from special to standard.
  • Interim and annual deemed value rates, and a special differential schedule have been set for PAU 3A and PAU 3B stocks (based on deemed value settings for previous PAU 3).          
Black cardinalfish (CDL 1
Blue cod (BCO 3 & BCO 7
Bluenose (BNS 2
Gemfish (SKI 1 , SKI 2  & SKI 7
Kingfish (KIN 8
Pāua (PAU 3A & PAU 3B) * New 
Snapper (SNA 8 )

Other changes from 1 October 2021

The Minister made decisions relating to catch limits and allowances for 6 other October fishing year fish stocks as part of the 2021 April sustainability round. The changes decided in that round will also come into effect on 1 October 2021.

Your views sought

Fisheries New Zealand asked for your feedback on proposed changes to sustainability measures for several selected fish stocks or stock groupings.   

About the proposals

We review catch limits for selected stocks twice a year. This is consistent with the requirement that Fisheries New Zealand ensures the sustainable use of fisheries resources.

The proposals for each stock in this round were assessed:

  • in the context of the relevant statutory requirements
  • using the best available information, including the latest scientific information on the status of the stocks and tangata whenua and stakeholder input.

Jump down this page to read the summary table of the proposals

Full details are in the consultation documents.

High Court decision

On 16 June 2021, the High Court delivered its judgment on the former Minister of Fisheries’ decisions to vary the Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for east coast tarakihi fish stocks in 2019. Along with east coast tarakihi, the decision has wider implications for what matters the minister must, and must not, consider when deciding to set or vary a stock’s TAC.

The judgement decision – Courts of New Zealand

Where applicable, Fisheries New Zealand will ensure the court’s decision is reflected in our advice to the minister on the 2021 October sustainability round.

Consultation documents

 

Summary table of the proposals

Table 1: Stocks proposed to have their catch limits, allowances, and deemed values reviewed as part of the 1 October 2021 sustainability round.

Species

Stock (area)

Proposal

Rationale for review

Deepwater stocks

Hoki

HOK 1
All New Zealand (excludes Kermadec)

– / ↓

 

The western stock biomass of HOK 1 is predicted to fall below the management target range next year and remain below that range for the remainder of the 5-year projection. To mitigate potential sustainability risks, Fisheries New Zealand is reviewing HOK 1 and proposing options for decreasing the TAC and sub-area catch limit for the western hoki stock.

Ling

LIN 5
Southland, Sub-Antarctic

 

The 2021 stock assessment of LIN 5 indicates the stock biomass is well above the management target and could support increased catch levels. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for increasing the catch limits of LIN 5 to support greater utilisation of the stock. 

Gemfish

SKI 3 & 7
Entire South Island, Chatham Rise, and West Coast off Taranaki and Wellington

 

An updated Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) analysis indicates that biomass of SKI 3 and SKI 7 has increased in recent years. The TACs and TACCs of both stocks were increased significantly in 2019, but CPUE estimates have continued to increase. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to increase SKI 3 and SKI 7 catch limits to enable greater utilisation of the stocks.

Black
cardinalfish

CDL 1
east coast of Northland and Auckland

 

Catches of CDL 1 have declined over the past few decades, and in more recent years, have been fluctuating well below the TACC. While recent catch levels are unlikely to pose a sustainability risk, there may be risks for the stock if catch levels were to increase to the current limits set. Because of this, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing to decrease the catch limits of CDL 1 to ensure catches remain sustainable in future.

Highly migratory stocks

Southern bluefin tuna

STN 1
All New Zealand and Extra Territorial waters

 

Following an internationally agreed outcome at the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), STN 1 will be reviewed domestically for a proposed 14 tonne increase to the TAC. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for allocating this increase among sectors.

Inshore stocks

Snapper

SNA 8
West Coast of Northland, Auckland, Taranaki and Wellington

 

SNA 8 is a highly valued shared fishery, and our second biggest snapper stock. Since sustainability concerns were identified in 2005, the fishery has been rebuilding, with monitoring to track the recovery. The most recent stock assessment for SNA 8 shows the stock has recovered well and is highly likely to be above the management target. It is also projected the biomass will continue to increase steeply under current settings. Based on this, there is an opportunity to provide for utilisation across all sectors and to review the ongoing monitoring and management of the fishery. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing 4 options for increasing the catch limits and allowances of SNA 8 and invites feedback on other management measures to support maintaining the fishery at sustainability levels into the future.

Hāpuku/
Bass

HPB 1 & 2
Northland, Bay of Plenty and east coast North Island

 

Concern for the sustainability of Northern hāpuku stocks, particularly HPB 1 and 2, has been expressed by tangata whenua and commercial and recreational fishers. Commercial catches for these stocks have trended downwards over the last 20 years, and particularly in the last 5 years, with recent catch being well below the TACCs. This indicates a potential sustainability concern. To mitigate this risk, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to set TACs and allowances for these stocks, to reduce recreational bag limits, and to decrease current TACCs.

Red gurnard

GUR 1
East and West Coasts of Auckland and Northland, Bay of Plenty

 

GUR 1 is an important shared inshore fishery, which overlaps with other highly valued stocks such as SNA 8. It has not been reviewed since introduction into the QMS in 1986, and while there is a TACC in place, no TAC or allowances have been set. The commercial catch limit has been consistently under caught and landings appear to be declining. The most recent scientific assessment in 2017 did not specifically indicate any sustainability concerns with current catch levels but did note that the sustainability risk of catching the full TACC is unknown. There is also information to suggest there may be concerns with certain biological sub-stocks of gurnard within the larger fisheries management area. Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to set a TAC and allowances for GUR 1, and decrease the TACC to ensure catches remain sustainable.

GUR 7
West Coast and Top of South Island

 

The stock status of GUR 7 is informed by biomass indices from regular trawl surveys, which indicate that the stock is currently in good health and at or above target level. The surveys suggest that GUR 7 is experiencing a recruitment pulse (consecutive years of good recruitment). Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options to increase GUR 7 catch limits to support greater utilisation of the stock.

Pāua

PAU 3A & PAU 3B
Kaikoura, Canterbury

PAU 3 is being subdivided from 1 October 2021 into north and south QMAs (PAU 3A – Kaikōura, and PAU 3B – Canterbury) to enable more targeted management of pāua (particularly in the Kaikōura earthquake affected area, which is currently closed to fishing). Fisheries New Zealand is proposing catch setting options for these 2 new QMAs.

Blue cod

BCO 3
Kaikoura, Canterbury, Otago

 

This stock is being reviewed as a priority under the National Blue Cod Strategy. Potting survey results within BCO 3 have been trending down in recent years and action was taken last year to address localised depletion issues in key areas of BCO 3 through introduction of a traffic light system and regulations. As a further step, Fisheries New Zealand is proposing options for setting a TAC and allowances for BCO 3, including an option that would see a decrease to the TACC.

School shark

SCH 5
Southland and Sub-Antarctic

 

Catch per unit effort has declined in SCH 5 since 2005, indicating a potential sustainability risk. In 2021, the stock was assessed as unlikely to be at or above the target biomass, with overfishing very likely to be occurring. In line with this information Fisheries New Zealand is proposing an option that would decrease catch limits and allowances for SCH 5.

 

Table 2: Summary stocks proposed to only have deemed values reviewed as part of the 1 October 2021 sustainability round.

Species

Stock (area)

Proposal

Rationale for reviewing deemed values

Alfonsino

BYX 2
East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington

 

Landed price for this stock has increased by around 25% in the last year and catch regularly exceeds available ACE. An adjustment is being proposed to ensure appropriate incentives for fishers to remain within ACE holdings.

Blue cod

BCO 7
West coast and top of South Island

 

Current deemed value rates for BCO 7 are much lower than its neighbouring BCO 3 stock, and well under the landed price. An adjustment to BCO 7 deemed values is being proposed to account for these factors.

Bluenose

BNS 2
East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington

 

Landed price for this stock has increased by over 15% in the last year. The fishery is rebuilding, and there is ongoing need to ensure appropriate incentives for fishers to remain within ACE holdings.

Gemfish

SKI 1
Northern east and west Coasts, North Island

 

The SKI 1 basic annual deemed value rate increased by $0.25/kg since 1 October 2020 based on an increase in landed price for 2020/21. However, landed price for 2021/22 has subsequently decreased back to the 2019/20 value, so a corresponding adjustment to the deemed value rate is proposed.

SKI 2
East Cape, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington

 

A decision to increase SKI 2 TACC from 1 October 2020 was not given effect due to court injunction regarding ‘28N’ rights. A reduction in deemed value rates is proposed to reflect the state of the stock and reduce the financial costs incurred by fishers as a result of ongoing court proceedings.

Kingfish

KIN 8
West coast of Northland, Auckland, Taranaki and Wellington

 

KIN 8 deemed values rates are double the rates of the adjoining KIN 7 stock and the landed price for this stock has almost halved in the last year. An adjustment is being proposed to account for these factors.

 

Legal overview

Our legal overview of sustainability measures provides the main legal requirements as they relate to decision-making on sustainability measures. It also references the relevant provisions in the Fisheries Act 1996.

Legal overview of sustainability measures [PDF, 347 KB]

Fisheries Act 1996 – NZ Legislation

Related information

Hauraki Gulf Marine Park Act 2000 – NZ Legislation

About the Quota Management System (QMS)

The Harvest Strategy Standard

Operational guidelines for New Zealand's Harvest Strategy Standard [PDF, 843 KB]

The deemed values guidelines [PDF, 890 KB]

Glossary of relevant terms

National fisheries plan for deepwater and middle-depth fisheries [PDF, 1.4 MB]

Submissions are public information

Submissions made become public information. People can ask for copies of submissions under the Official Information Act 1982 (OIA). The OIA says we must make submissions available unless we have a good reason for withholding it. That is explained in sections 6 and 9 of the OIA.

Tell us if you think there are grounds to withhold specific information in any submissions you have made. Reasons might include that it's commercially sensitive or it's personal information. However, any decision Fisheries New Zealand makes to withhold information can be reviewed by the Ombudsman, who may tell us to release it.