Registering post-1989 forest land
Forest owners and those with registered forestry rights or leases over post-1989 forests can earn carbon credits by joining the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). We've created a step-by-step process to help you register forest land in the scheme.
Before you start
You should consider registering for our ETS online transaction system if you have not done this already. This will let you submit information online.
To register, you'll need to:
- have a RealMe account (RealMe is the government's online identification service)
- set up a login and password.
If you don't have a RealMe account, you'll be given the chance to set one up when you go to log in.
ETS online system user guide [PDF, 955 KB]
Access aerial imagery resources
You should review aerial imagery resources and check your land is eligible before you apply to register it in the ETS.
Download a list of imagery resources [PDF, 225 KB]
Focus on aerial imagery from 31 December 1989 or very close to this date. We use other sources of imagery as-required, including regional councils, local councils, and private companies.
Information to support your application
Land can enter the ETS only if we can verify the species, density, location, and age of your forest. To do this, we need you to provide good information such as photos and video.
Follow the steps to register post-1989 forest land
Before you register as a participant in the ETS, you'll need written consent from certain people or organisations that have an interest in the land or forest.
If you're a landowner and there is a registered forestry right or registered lease over the forest land, you'll need to get written consent from holders of the registered forestry right or registered lease.
If you're the holder of registered forestry right or registered lease, you'll need written consent from the landowner.
Written consent must be provided using the Interested party consent form.
Download the Interested party consent form [PDF, 300 KB]
Carbon credits in the ETS are called New Zealand Units (NZUs). These are stored and transferred through the New Zealand Emission Trading Register (NZETR). To receive NZUs from the government for your forest, you'll need a holding account with NZETR.
You'll earn NZUs as carbon stocks in your forest increase. You will have to pay units to the government if your forest's carbon stocks decrease – for example, when you harvest your forest.
Use the correct account name
The holding account name must be the same as that of the participant(s) you intend to register. The name or names must be the same as all those appearing on land titles, or on registered forest rights/leases. Check the NZETR guide for more information.
You can check all names at Land Information New Zealand or Māori Land Online.
You must include an electronic map of the forest you want to register (forest land map). Forest land maps must meet requirements set out in the Geospatial Mapping Information Standard.
Download the Geospatial Mapping Information Standard [PDF, 348 KB]
Create a forest map
To create a forest land map, you can use:
- MPI's online mapping tool, accessed through our ETS online system
- your own (or a forestry consultant's) geographic information system (GIS), or
- your own existing digital forest maps, if they comply with the mapping standard.
If you submit your own map, it must be a shapefile. This is an electronic file type used in digital mapping.
If you are using MPI's online mapping tool, you must apply online. Otherwise, you can apply online or by mail.
Remember, the name or names you want to register must be the same as those shown on the land title, or registered forest right/lease.
To register online, use MPI's ETS online system.
Register by mail
- your completed application
- all supporting documents
- your application fee
- an electronic shapefile of your land.
Before submitting your application you may want to get independent advice on registering in the ETS.
To complete registration, you'll need:
- land details, such as certificates of title or Māori Land Court reference(s)
- evidence that the forest is eligible, such as:
- forest maps showing the forest type and year of establishment
- aerial or other photographs of the forest area dated around 31 December 1989
- recent aerial or other photographs of the forest area if the forest has recently been established
- planting contractors' invoices
- consents issued under the Resource Management Act 1991.
- an electronic map of your forest (created using MPI's ETS online system or submitted as a shapefile (.shp).
Other forms you may need to submit
You'll need to submit extra forms if you are:
- authorising someone to act on your behalf
- an unincorporated body nominating someone to receive notices
- registering more than one person as a participant in the ETS (you can complete this step when registering online).
Authorising someone to act on your behalf
You can authorise someone to sign documents, make enquiries, and act as your representative. An authorised representative can make decisions relating to your ETS participation for your forest land, so you should carefully consider this authorisation. However, rights and obligations of participants under the Climate Change Response Act (2002) will remain with you, not the authorised representative.
Download the Approval of authorised representative form [PDF, 310 KB]
Your obligations under the ETS
If your registration is successful, you will have to:
- submit a mandatory emissions return at the end of every mandatory emissions return period
- measure your forest in accordance with the Field Measurement Approach if you have 100 hectares or more of registered forest land
- report any changes to your ETS registration
- pay back units if:
- your carbon stock decreases
- you deforest
- you remove forest land from the ETS
- notify MPI when the ownership of registered forest land changes, for example you sell your forest to another party. This includes when land is sold, a forestry right/lease is granted/expires, or when more than 40% of members of an unincorporated body (such as a trust) change.
Te Uru Rākau has published the following policies and processes to provide further clarity on how land eligibility assessments of post-1989 forest land and reviews of eligibility decisions are undertaken within the ETS:
- Spatial Intelligence Policy and Process Overview: Post-1989 land eligibility assessments [PDF, 151 KB]
Find out more
- Download a fact sheet about joining the ETS [PDF, 256 KB]
- Glossary of terms used in the ETS (factsheet) [PDF, 287 KB]
- Climate Change Response Act 2002 – NZ Legislation
- Climate Change (Forestry Sector) Regulations 2008 – New Zealand Legislation
- Fees and charges for forestry in the ETS
Who to contact
If you have any questions about registering your forest:
- email firstname.lastname@example.org
- call 0800 CLIMATE (0800 25 46 28) and select option 2.