The Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) eradication programme is targeting the sole pocket of confirmed infection with depopulation starting on a Mid-Canterbury feedlot and strict new biosecurity measures for the surrounding area, says programme director Simon Andrew.
“Our nationwide testing programme tells us that M. bovis infection is currently believed to be isolated to a small area in mid-Canterbury, where there are infected properties, including the feedlot.
"We are working hard to investigate the exact transmission route, but at present that remains unclear.
“Without a precise understanding of why this is happening, we need to take a different approach to protect cattle and farmers in the area.
“We acknowledge the role local farmers have played in helping us continue to better understand the situation, and to bolster this, we are bringing in extra technical advice,” Mr Andrew says.
“Although we are at the tail-end of this outbreak, it is possible we may find other infected properties in other parts of the country in the future and so we must remain vigilant and maintain our nationwide surveillance programme.
“We’ve come a long way from the height of the programme when there was a peak of 40 confirmed properties across the country to the small number of farms now and farmers have made huge sacrifices. We are committed to hunting down the last remaining infection. There’s been 275 confirmed properties to date out of 30,000-plus farms in New Zealand.”
Mr Andrew says the M. bovis Programme, alongside industry partners DairyNZ and Beef + Lamb New Zealand, will:
- Work with the feedlot's owners, ANZCO, to start progressive depopulation of the property from October 13
- To coincide with that depopulation, a Controlled Area Notice (CAN) will be introduced for the Wakanui area, affecting 14 cattle farms (3 of these properties are owned by ANZCO). The CAN map is available on the Mycoplasma bovis website
- As part of the CAN, all properties in the high-risk area will be depopulated by mid-January 2023
- A round of testing and census will be carried out for farms in the low-risk area of the CAN
“The CAN steps up the already tight controls in the area as we think it’s important to take all possible steps to ensure this pocket of infection is contained and the progressive depopulation of the feedlot successful,” Mr Andrew says.
“As part of the CAN, all properties with cattle in the high-risk area will be depopulated by mid-January 2023, or earlier, followed by a standdown period of 2 to 3 months to allow these properties to be cleaned and disinfected.
The programme partners would work closely with the small number of impacted farmers in the area and compensation would be provided where required.
“We know the CAN will be extremely challenging and disruptive for a small number of farmers in the area and we will support them through this process,” Mr Andrew says.
“Since the start of the programme, M. bovis has predominantly spread by animal movements and we ask farmers to continue keeping their National Animal Identification and Tracing (NAIT) records up-to-date to protect themselves and others.
“It’s easy to get complacent, especially with low numbers across the country, but now is the time where we must be more cautious than ever and that’s why we are taking these prudent steps.
“There has been no confirmed infection outside of mid-Canterbury since July 2020, and our extensive nationwide surveillance will continue for several years as we move to the proof of absence phase.
"Our bulk milk test programme is going well, with no unexpected finds in recent months. August 2022 is on track to be the first August since 2018 with no confirmed infection detected via bulk tank milk surveillance.
"While this is positive, it doesn't mean the job is done. It is likely that we’ll find more confirmed infection before we declare eradication successful. When we find any infection, we will deal with it.”
- A controlled area notice is used under the Biosecurity Act to limit the movement of animals or risk goods from a specified area. They have been used in a range of biosecurity responses, including successful eradications of fruit fly and pea weevil.
- It is expected approximately 14 farms with cattle will be impacted by the CAN – 8 in the high-risk area and 6 in the at-risk area. There are also cropping farms which are located in both areas, but the impact is expected to be minimal as those properties do not farm cattle.
- The Mycoplasma bovis Eradication Programme began in May 2018 and is jointly funded by Government (68%) and DairyNZ and Beef + Lamb New Zealand (32%).
- The cattle farms impacted include a mixture of dairy and beef grazing, and beef drystock. Some cropping farms are located within the CAN.
- 3 current infected properties (275 since bovis was found)
- Nearly 3 million tests have been completed
- $230 million has been paid out in 2780 claims
- 178,000 cows have been culled
- In the past year less than 2% of farms with bulk milk tank detects have gone positive
- The cost of the Programme, as at 30 June 2022, is $588m.