An independent review of the Mycoplasma bovis eradication programme has found that it is on track to achieve a world-first eradication and makes recommendations to improve the wider biosecurity system.
The review found that the programme, a partnership between the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI), DairyNZ, and Beef + Lamb New Zealand, has made many improvements after it scaled-up quickly to prevent spread of the disease.
"We have come a long way since the programme started," says M. bovis Governance Group independent chair Kelvan Smith. "The improvements made to the Programme have prevented the long-term financial and animal welfare costs of endemic M. bovis in herds.
"We've previously acknowledged the issues at the start of the Programme and the Independent Review acknowledges that lessons have been learned and improvements made as the Programme progressed.
"There's no denying the disruption and stress experienced by farmers affected by the eradication Programme, and this review will help to ensure we have better systems and support in the future for disease responses," Mr Smith says.
The review panel's recommendations covered areas focused on responding to animal diseases – all of which MPI and its partners have accepted and are implementing.
MPI Director-General Ray Smith says the M. bovis Programme has provided valuable lessons for future disease responses. These were being applied to other areas of work like the Foot and Mouth Disease Readiness Programme.
"The M. bovis Programme has already led to changes across the biosecurity system; however, there's always room to improve and the review panel’s recommendations will help us in the future.
"One of the key recommendations is that we all need to work more closely together to ensure the right capability and support is in place for people affected by a disease incursion."
Improvements already made or under way include:
- The appointment of a new specialist welfare advisor within Biosecurity New Zealand to ensure a greater focus on the needs of people affected by future incursion responses.
- A new Chief Veterinary Officer for MPI to connect the Ministry's vets who practice across a wide range of activities; and build collaboration with the country's private veterinary network to enhance disease readiness.
- Investment in a new data strategy to ensure the information needs of biosecurity responses can be adequately met in future.
- An extensive programme of projects for increasing readiness for a Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) incursion is underway and much of this work is scalable to incursions of less severe impact.
- Threat-specific plans are in place for some other diseases of concern.
- Work is under way with industry partners and networks outside of MPI, for example veterinarians, to ensure the expertise for preparing for and responding to large scale animal incursion are identified, developed and maintained.
- The strengthening of importing requirements for cattle semen.
- Completion of the new National Biocontainment Laboratory at Wallaceville, which will enable improved disease diagnostic capability and capacity.
- The establishment of a cross government and industry working group to plan the delivery of the review recommendations.
Review chair Professor Nicola Shadbolt says the panel considered the evolution of the M. bovis Programme from its start in 2017 to today.
"Our review was informed by the experiences of both farmers and those who worked in the Programme. We acknowledge the significant impact the eradication has had on farmers and rural communities, as well as those working on the programme.
"A large number of people, including our farmers, worked incredibly hard to get to where we are now. Unique tools and capability have been built, which put us in a great position, and we’re on track to be the first country in the world to eradicate M. bovis," she says. "We now need to make sure we capture these lessons learned, improve our preparedness for the next animal health response, have a world class biosecurity system that all players commit to, and that will deliver."
DairyNZ Chair Jim van der Poel and Beef + Lamb New Zealand Chairman Andrew Morrison say the review showed a lot of improvements had been made to the delivery of the programme and highlighted what could help biosecurity responses in the future.
"The biosecurity response and management of M. Bovis has been challenging, especially for our farmers directly affected," says Jim van der Poel.
"The review will help ensure that Government and industry are better prepared for any future incursion. It's vital we get it right for farmers.
"Establishing a cross government and industry working group, coupled with ongoing biosecurity and farm management practices, will help strengthen the work we do," he says.
Andrew Morrison says: "We owe it to those farmers affected by M. bovis to ensure the eradication programme and future biosecurity responses are the best they can be."
"Implementing the recommendations of this independent review will go a long way to strengthening our biosecurity system, which will prove vital in the face of any future incursions.
"By working together, and with the right commitment, we can make the necessary and enduring improvements to biosecurity. We look forward to working in partnership with MPI to achieve this."
- There are now 4 active confirmed properties compared to 16 at the same time in 2019. All current properties are in Canterbury.
- A total of 268 confirmed properties have been cleared and nearly 173,000 cattle culled.
- 18 farms are under notices of direction (NOD) compared with 297 at the same time in 2019.
- The time under NOD has dropped from 97 days average to 27 days in the past 2 years.
- $212 million compensation has been paid across 2676 claims. Just 53 claims are currently open – 1.9% of the total.
- Since the beginning of the response, the average number of working days to pay an M. bovis non-complex claim has reduced from 47 days to 20 days.
- 2,444,594 tests have been carried out for bovis.
A report by a Technical Advisory Group (TAG) released in July this year acknowledges the improvements made to the Programme to lessen the impact on affected farmers, their whānau, workers and rural communities. It also confirms New Zealand is on track to eradicate the disease.
In February 2021, MPI announced the appointment of Professor Nicola Shadbolt (Chair), Dr. Roger Paskin, Professor Caroline Saunders and Mr Tony Cleland to carry out the review
The review can be found on the Reviews and reports about M. bovis page.
The review's key recommendations:
- MPI and industry will work to prioritise, support, communicate and monitor the implementation of these recommendations with other industries and partners.
- Develop standing governance of livestock disease preparedness, made up of MPI and industry organisations, with an independent chair
- Develop and resource the livestock disease preparedness structure, capacity, and capability within MPI, particularly for large-scale and complex animal disease incursions
- Build a national contingency plan for animal disease responses, supported by detailed operational procedures and materials
- Develop and resource a data strategy across the livestock biosecurity system.
MPI: Media team
- 029 894 0328
Beef + Lamb NZ: Sam Halstead
DairyNZ: Charlotte Fitzpatrick
- 027 1800 2998