Download Ministry for Primary Industries Stock Exclusion Costs Report
This report identifies the costs of fencing and riparian planting in the context of excluding
stock from waterways across New Zealand, so that it limits the quantity of nutrients and
pathogens entering a flowing waterway. It is part of a larger project assessing the value of
enhancing freshwater quality and identifying potential policies for stock exclusion alongside the National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management (NPS-FM).
MPI business units