- Cattle from Australia, Canada, the European Union and the United States of America - Draft import risk analysis (June 2008) [PDF, 769 KB]
- Cattle germplasm from all countries and cattle from Australia, Canada, the European Union, and the United States of America - Import risk analysis review of submissions (February 2009) [PDF, 299 KB]
The risks associated with the importation of cattle from Australia, Canada, the European Union (27 countries), and the United States of America have been examined. Only risks associated with the importation of infectious organisms or parasites have been considered.
Of an initial list of 93 microorganisms or groups of organisms, 43 disease agents or groups of disease agents/diseases that are exotic to New Zealand or are the subject of a national eradication campaign in New Zealand, were included in a preliminary hazard list. Thirty four of these were identified to be hazards and were subjected to a risk assessment. A non-negligible risk was identified with the following: Borna disease virus, exotic bovine herpes viruses, bovine viral diarrhoea virus type 2, Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever virus, bovine ephemeral fever virus, foot and mouth disease virus, rabies virus, tick borne encephalitis viruses, vesicular stomatitis virus, bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent, Bacillus anthracis, exotic Brucella spp., Mycobacterium bovis, exotic Mycoplasma spp., Pasteurella multocida types B and E, exotic Salmonella spp., exotic Leptospira spp., Anaplasma spp., Chlamydophila abortus, Coxiella burnetii, Babesia spp., Theileria annulata, exotic lice, mites and ticks, Hypoderma spp., exotic internal parasites, and exotic weed seeds.
Options for risk management measures in order to effectively manage the risk associated with each of these have been presented.