Fisheries New Zealand commissioned a report focused on benthic effects of open ocean aquaculture overseas. This included case studies from Norway regarding water quality effects (Keeley 2020). A technical working group was then formed to discuss issues and develop guidelines for benthic and water column effects, given the range of options available for monitoring and management of these effects. Iwi and stakeholders were given the opportunity to provide feedback on the first draft.
AEBR 278 Best practice guidelines for benthic and water quality monitoring of open ocean finfish culture in New Zealand
Report - Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity (AEBR)