Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen often associated with ready-to-eat foods (RTE) where the food is consumed without any further cooking. Management and control of Listeria during food manufacture is therefore a particular focus of the food industry. All producers of RTE products are required to demonstrate compliance to limits specified in the Food Standards code. However, some RTE foods are difficult to sample. This project examines alternative sampling methods that can be used.